Author - Harry Anson

I love writing and reading. It's all about information moving in and out of our brain.

City Life Lifestyle

Surveys Show That Baby Boomers Might Not Buy Groceries Online

Surveys have shown that Baby Boomers have not jumped on the bandwagon to shop for their groceries online, unlike the number of Millennials.  Other surveys show that delivery services and online services have increased, especially in comparison to younger generations.

Criteo conducted a survey of 1,000 US consumers, asking the participants about their use of online grocery delivery services.  The results revealed that with each new generation, there are fewer consumers using them.

It shows that 48% of Millennials and Gen Z surveyed said they do use some online grocery delivery services such as Walmart InHome, Amazon Fresh, Instacart, Stop and Shop’s Peapod.  Only 37% of the next generation Gen X, said they ordered from online grocery services.

The oldest generation is the Baby Boomers and only 30% said they have used these services.  23% of Gen Z and Millennials said they do browse various websites for better selections compared to 20% of Gen X and only 10% of Baby Boomers.

Surveys also showed that Gen Z and Millennials think it’s valuable to have the ability to gather product information with only 18% of younger consumers wanting more information in comparison to 7% of Gen X and 6% of Baby Boomers.

Walmart Launches An Unlimited Grocery Delivery Subscription

 Shipping alternatives seem to be the least concern for shoppers.  Only 8% of Gen Z and Millennials thought this was important, 3% of Gen X and only 2% of Baby Boomers believed that comparison shopping was not of any value.

Mobile-only sales made up 26% of all digital US grocery sales.  Healthcare and beauty supplies were significantly over-the-top in mobile digital grocery sales. According to Criteo’s survey, this is 37% and 31% of products ordered through an online grocery service.

 Amazon Now Offers Free Grocery Deliveries As Part Of Their Prime Membership

 Amazon Fresh delivery vans have been parking at Amazon Fresh warehouse in Inglewood, CA since June 2013.

 Last year, the online grocery market has been valued at $632 billion and doubled its market value between 2016 and 2018, according to this year’s Business Insider Online Grocery Report.

This report revealed a total of 10% of US consumers, who regularly shop for groceries online, are a small portion of the larger overall grocery market.

 After all surveys, it seems online grocery markets are on the rise.  Annual reports showed that established participants in the industry and newcomers are getting into the industry to gain a better portion of the market share.

Surveys have shown that Baby Boomers have not jumped on the bandwagon to shop for their groceries online, unlike the number of Millennials.  Other surveys show that delivery services and online services have increased, especially in comparison to younger...

Animals Nature & Tech Science

Armour Plated – The Fish With the Toughest Scales on Earth

The Arapaima fish lives in Amazonian lakes have evolved armor-like scales to protect itself. The fish is huge – growing up to 4 meters in length and weighing in at around 200kg and is likely to be the largest freshwater fish on the planet. Scientists are hoping that the scales can help them build more efficient armor to protect human beings.

The hardened scales are heavily mineralized and act to protect the fish from predators including the piranhas that infest the waters in which it lives. The scales remain flexible because of the existence of protrusions and ridges and there is a collagen layer underneath which binds the scales to the body without losing flexibility.

The layer appears as a series of twisting layers known as a Bouligand structure which is also seen in beetle, lobster and crab shells.

Test of Strength

A series of tests were conducted on the scales designed to see exactly how much stress they could resist.

Having soaked crushed scales in water for 48 hours the scientists exerted central pressure and pulled the edges apart. This causes the outer layer to increase in size, eventually cracking and peeling away. However, the fractures did not spread and this has been attributed to the way they are structured: The inner and outer layers of the scales work in unison to provide a light and tough barrier.

When looking to engineer armor there needs to be a combination of strength and flexibility and this is what the structure of the fish’s scales seems to achieve. If scientists can develop similarly lightweight but tough materials it could have wide-reaching impacts on industry, including aerospace engineering.

The Arapaima fish lives in Amazonian lakes have evolved armor-like scales to protect itself. The fish is huge – growing up to 4 meters in length and weighing in at around 200kg and is likely to be the largest freshwater fish on the planet. Scientists are...

City Life Cool Stories

Out-Of-This-World & Totally Impractical Bridge Designs

Some designing concepts for the new pedestrian and cycle crossing between Nine Elms and Pimlico in southern London are either pedestrian-friendly or just so far out of this world they have been called “The Flaming Mouth of Hades”.

The pedestrian bridge spans the Thames River that will link two different areas of the city and must be technically sound while creating a beautiful experience for a cyclist while offering a solid engineering design to provide enough required height to accommodate passing river traffic.

The designing of this bridge has drawn the attention of dozens of entries from around the world.

A list of contenders will be presented and the winner will be named, sometime soon.  The design must include what the bridge will look like from a distance, what it will feel like to pedestrians crossing it, and how it will look touching the shores on either side of the Thames.

Design is Critical for the Bridge’s Success

At this point in time, there is only a gallery of images to look at without much information on each design so it’s really difficult to tell just what you are looking at in some of these designs.  According to the City Metric, most of the entries look ridiculous, including one that is definitely not a bridge.

They pointed out that one looks like a spoon while another looks like an Escher painting! (Escher’s paintings were bizarre and impossible in reality).

There is no debate that the strange violet and orange creation for the bridge has been nicknamed “Hades” and is far from clear how this design could actually function as a bridge.

I guess you have to question if some of the entrants are just submitted for the heck of it vs. serious engineers that must complete this pedestrian bridge for aesthetic beauty as well as safety.  On particular design is actually quite beautiful featuring a perforated undulating canopy over a series of paths with planted greenery.

All in all, we will just have to wait to see what the judges think!

Some designing concepts for the new pedestrian and cycle crossing between Nine Elms and Pimlico in southern London are either pedestrian-friendly or just so far out of this world they have been called “The Flaming Mouth of Hades”.

The pedestrian bridge...

Funny Stories

What’s With a British Hotel Charging $68,000 for a Pint?

According to Peter Lalor, chief cricket writer and beer editor for The Australian, he was watching the Ashes Cricket Match in Manchester at the Malmaison Hotel’s bar on a Sunday. He paid his tab for his Scottish Caledonian Deuchars IPA but later realized something was terribly wrong.

In a Tweet, he said he didn’t have his reading glasses when he was handed his bill for the beer. The barmaid said she had problems with the register but eventually fixed it.

He didn’t give it much thought and said he didn’t need a receipt and then just before she left, he realized this was the most expensive beer in the history of the Malmaison Hotel in Manchester with a whopping $99,983 charge!

He realized something was not right and asked her how much he paid for the beer. The girl looked at the receipt responding “Oh My God!” He said she appeared a little reluctant showing him the bill.

The hotel told him they would correct the mistake and rectify his bill. Lalor left, believing his bank would never approve this large charge on his bill.

The Plot Thickens

He told The Guardian, he was woken by a phone call from his wife. She discovered a huge drop in their mortgage account.! On top of that, he said they had no problem taking the money out of his account in a matter of seconds but took them 10 working business days to put it back in. Not only has he lost a fair amount of interest but he is also out $99,000.

On top of that, he was charged a $1,710 transaction fee! He found it very concerning that his bank and Visa would let this huge amount of money to go through without asking so much as one question?

A spokesperson from the Malmaison told the paper the hotel was conducting an investigation. They contacted Lalor to apologize and ensured this situation would be resolved as quickly as possible. (Really? You need to investigate a charge of $99,000 for one pint of beer??)

He did say the hotel was being very helpful in correcting the error and he praised Deuchars. He said it is a good beer that has received many awards including the Supreme Champion Beer of Britain. He added that if you think this beer is not worth anywhere near this price tag, he couldn’t agree more!

Note: Very rarely is a beer as expensive as the pint Lalor purchased, but a 750ml bottle of “Lost Abbey Cable Car Kriek did sell for $923 at the Skinner Auction.

According to Peter Lalor, chief cricket writer and beer editor for The Australian, he was watching the Ashes Cricket Match in Manchester at the Malmaison Hotel’s bar on a Sunday. He paid his tab for his Scottish Caledonian Deuchars IPA but later...

City Life Cool Stories

New High-Powered Self-Balancing Scooter

A blend of road-worthy and rugged, the self-balancing electric scooter boasts a quick-start functionality and speeds of up to 25 miles per hour which is cool for scooting around and through traffic in crowded cities for hours, all in a single charge.

For those already into other private scooter-share programs like Lime or Bird, but are dissatisfied with having to hunt for them, this device is a phenomenal boost in durability, personalization, maneuverability, speed, and acceleration.

Meet The “Stator”

Nathan Allen, a California-based product designer developed the Stator with all these demands in mind. It has oversized wheels connected to a single-tube frame and a single, wraparound handlebar with an electronic control unit (turned on by a wireless RFID tag or standard key).

Part of the design’s charm is its modularity. Made up of components that can be personalized and swapped, comprising of custom racks and rack bags, headlights, phone chargers and holders, seat, brake lights.

It’s powered by a 1000W geared motor and a 20-Ah, 48-volt, lithium-ion battery pack tucked into the baseboard. Different power settings can be used to get better performance or equalize the energy usage.

It won’t be easy to lug around at 90 pounds, but if you’re an urban street cruiser then that shouldn’t be a hassle. The extra weight helps provide extra features, like regenerative brakes paired with front-wheel hydraulic disk braking. It’s still a prototype, but its creator hopes to put up models for sale in the near future.

A blend of road-worthy and rugged, the self-balancing electric scooter boasts a quick-start functionality and speeds of up to 25 miles per hour which is cool for scooting around and through traffic in crowded cities for hours, all in a single charge.

For...

editorial

Dos & Don’ts Of Hilarious Online Shopping Fails

Online shopping is a tempting treat. Such luxury was unimaginable fifty years ago. Futuristic movies and novels could only imagine what technology is currently capable of – how, with just the click of a mouse, items we want or need can be bought and shipped right to us. No crowds, no lines, great sales – why leave the house?

People spend hours at a time shopping online (even at work), so it’s safe to say that online shopping is now a key part of the global marketplace.

Yet, as wonderful and time-saving as online shopping can be, the risk of buying something defective or something that just didn’t match what you were looking for is much higher than if you were in the store.

Unfortunately for some, the convenience of an online marketplace ended up being a huge loss – but, luckily for us, some losses are quite hilarious!

Browse through the results below, and have a good laugh thanks to online shopping gone wrong.

Click next to see more hilarious online shopping fails:

Online shopping is a tempting treat. Such luxury was unimaginable fifty years ago. Futuristic movies and novels could only imagine what technology is currently capable of – how, with just the click of a mouse, items we want or need can be bought and shipped...

Celebs Lifestyle

Which Members of the Royal Family Fly Commercial, and Why

With recent developments and concerns regarding the environment, the ethics of flying private have been in debate, so after the siting of Prince Harry and the Duchess of Sussex on a private jet to Spain and France, many questions have arisen in terms of if and when royals fly commercial.

Prince Harry and his spouse have voiced concerns multiple times about the current condition of the environment and where it’s headed; they have shown themselves to be highly committed to environmental efforts, but it was exactly this that confused many when they flew to Nice with their son Archie on a private jet provided by Elton John and David Furnish.

Friends With Jets

Elton has been Princess Diana’s – Harry’s mother – friend, for quite a long time, so when contention arose, he tweeted that the flight was made carbon-neutral by donating efforts to reduce emissions.

This occurrence has many wondering, however, how often royals are flying on private jets and if they fly commercial at all. According to Hello!, most royals fly commercial some of the time.

The main exception to this is the Queen herself. Her Majesty only flies private, so you would never site her on a commercial flight. Both Prince William and Prince Harry, however, have flow commercial on multiple occasions.

They even flew economy during a low-profile visit to the States in 2014. People have also seen William and Kate on commercial flights, but most often in the first-class section.

Harry and Meghan along with a few bodyguards were spotted last December in the back row of a commercial flight to France, according to the Telegraph, but they kept a few empty rows between them and the rest of the plane.

Very recently, on August 22, the Daily Mail reported that the entire Cambridge family took a budget flight to Scotland.

Of course, they were surrounded by security guards and assistants – so much so that you may not even be able to see members of the family even if you’re on the same flight!

One passenger professed as much to the Daily Mail: “The family were sat right at the front. I fly this route all the time and we were none the wiser. No one knew they were on the flight. Later on, I realized that Kate’s mother was sat a few rows in front of me.”

When the royals do fly commercial, they often try to fly with British Companies, specifically British Airways, according to Hello!.

The royal family has a special connection to the airline since the Duchess of Cambridge’s parents both worked for them back in the day before shifting to a party décor business in the late 1980s. In fact, it’s where they met and fell in love!

Depends Where They’re Going

According to Vogue, however, the main factor that influences whether a royal chooses to fly private or commercial is why they are flying.

Basically, if a royal is on public or state business, he or she is able to fly on a private jet, most often because senior members of the royal family are traveling as representatives of the family and British government.

If a royal is traveling for family trips or personal travel, they are to travel just like any other private citizen – on a commercial jet.

Of course, because of their wealth, they can always fly first class or purchase all the seats around them in economy, but they do fly commercial when it’s for their own personal purposes because of both budget and public perception.

In addition, concerns of the environment’s state have also come into play.

Many protested back in 2011 when Prince Charles borrowed a friend’s private jet. According to BBC, the royal family claimed that it was a cost-saving measure.

It most likely was, saving tax-payers from having to pay for his flight, but many were still displeased with the future king’s apparent disregard for the environment.

With recent developments and concerns regarding the environment, the ethics of flying private have been in debate, so after the siting of Prince Harry and the Duchess of Sussex on a private jet to Spain and France, many questions have arisen in terms of if...

Celebs Inspiring Stories

Jay-Z Ready ‘To Go into Action’ with NFL Partnership

It wasn’t too long ago that Jay-Z was attacking the NFL for their treatment of Colin Kaepernick who took a knee during the national anthem in protest, yet he has just signed a deal with the NFL.

According to the famous hip-hop singer, he isn’t “selling out,” but rather partnering with NFL to take action against racial injustice.

However, Kaepernick has been out of a job since he made his silent statement, and though he won a multimillion-dollar settlement from the NFL in February, Jay has received a lot of criticism for his recent relations with NFL.

For instance, Eric Reid, who protested with Kaepernick and also won an NFL statement but now plays for the Carolina Panthers, said of the Roc National-NFL deal, “The NFL gets 2 hide behind his black face 2 try to cover up blackballing Colin.”

Jay said that he did talk with Kaepernick before announcing the deal, yet he didn’t disclose the content of their conversation.

Time for Action!

Last Wednesday, Jay said, “I think we are past kneeling. I think it is time to go into action . . . Kneeling, I know we are stuck on it because it’s a real thing, it is a form of protest. I support protests across the board . . . [But] everybody knows what the issue is now, OK, so what are we going to do about it?
The kneeling wasn’t about [Colin] not having a job, it was about social injustice. So now how do we deal with injustice? What is the way forward?”

Defending the deal, he added, “For me, [this is] action . . . What are we going to do together? . . . Or will we get stuck on Colin not having a job?”

An inside source said of Kaepernick, “He is not blackballed [from this conversation]. He started this. If Colin has a plan of action for change, he is very welcome at the table.”

The source has also divulged some of the agreements the NFL and Jay have come to already, like including tracks from selected artists across broadcasts, giving profits to the league’s Inspire Change program, and working on job creation and community initiatives in cities where football is played.

NFL is also preparing things like player podcasts and issue-based docs for streaming services.

In the future, Jay also plans to tackle diversity in team ownership and executive leadership as well as the lack of black quarterbacks. In the years to come, Jay-Z is considering taking part ownership of an NFL team, but he’d have to eventually sell Roc Nation Sports to do so.

It wasn’t too long ago that Jay-Z was attacking the NFL for their treatment of Colin Kaepernick who took a knee during the national anthem in protest, yet he has just signed a deal with the NFL.

According to the famous hip-hop singer, he isn’t “selling...

Animals Funny Stories

Lazy Cat Sleeps on Busy Thai Restaurant Floor, Refuses to Move for Waitresses

This lazy cat was in no mood to move – and she simply sprawled out on the floor of a restaurant. The tabby named Thongdang was filmed sleeping coåmfortably on her back on the wooden floor in Chachoengsao, central Thailand on July 27.

When waitresses had to pass by carrying plates, Thongdang would not move and the staff had to step over the cat.

The restaurant boss said: ”She’s the kind of cat that does what she wants and everybody else has to accommodate her.

”But we still love her, even when she lays on the ground and won’t move.”

This lazy cat was in no mood to move – and she simply sprawled out on the floor of a restaurant. The tabby named Thongdang was filmed sleeping coåmfortably on her back on the wooden floor in Chachoengsao, central Thailand on July 27.

When waitresses...

Cool Stories Funny Stories Tech News

Have You Ever Wondered Where The Smiley Face Emoji Came From?

You might not even know what an Emoji is!  These images are faces we use in our text message to display emotions such as blushing, smiling, or scowling.

Whether you want to end your message on a high note, add a smile in the middle of your text, or wishing someone a happy birthday, there’s an emoji for you.  We use them in messages on social media, in our emails to one another, or in other ways to convey an emotion or sentiment.

What you might not know, where did the original smiley come from?  This concept actually started back in the 60s when Harvey Ball created the very first smiley face drawing.  Over the years, the image began to change and develop into smiley emoji drawings that we all love and enjoy to use.

How It All Began:

Graphic artists, Harvey Ross Ball created the first smiley face without giving it much thought, let along turning it into an international icon!  Possibly, he was just doodling while coming up with ideas in his head for his next project.

He was originally hired by State Mutual Life Insurance Company as a graphic artist to produce an image that would encourage their employees to smile more often during their time at the workplace.

It took him less than 10 minutes to draw this cute smiley face and was only paid $45 for his artwork.  While the image probably did nothing to ramp up morale in the workplace, this smiley face caught on like wildfire!

It was printed on buttons, posters, shirts, etc.  Even though Ball never copyrighted the design, saying he was not a man of means or money, his smiley face continued to gain in popularity in our culture.  Before he knew it, even the company workers stood up and took notice of his simple cute drawing.

How The Smiley Face Evolved:

Through the 60s, 70s, and 80s, the little yellow smiley face started to evolve and soon became an image of happiness and peace within pop art and started appearing on tee-shirts and posters.

As mentioned earlier, Ball never claimed the copyright but someone else stepped up to the plate to promote and commercialize this little yellow face.  Franklin Loufrani, a French journalist, was a driven man and he decided to attached this smiley drawing to all his positive newspaper stories and received a lot of attraction from readers.

At one point, he copyrighted the image and made a lot of money selling just about anything he could with the image printed on it.  He named the image simply “Smiley” and started the Smiley Company selling tee-shirt transfers to anyone who wanted to show off this positive image.

Even though the image was created long before the cell phone, this French journalist’s company played an enormous role in the production of the 21st-Century Emoji!

The Birth Of The Emoji:

If you’ve ever wondered how this little smiley face ended up on the internet, we’ve got you covered!  Scott E. Fahlman was a computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon. He is the man who got the idea that would eventually lead to becoming known as an Emoji.

He decided it would be a great idea to have some visual way to express emotions that are funny to text messages, especially at the closing of a message with either a happy or sad face.

Then, Shigetaka Kurita, a Japanese interface designer started sending out cartoons in his company messages that were emoji-like faces.  So in some ways, he is the one who created the emoji!  He used a 12 x 12 grid to produce the pixel images such as laughing faces, hearts, and of course, the original smiley face.

This new concept remained only in Japan for almost 10 years.  Meanwhile, Loufrani’s son Nicolas was working on the smiley replication of emojis.  He created an amazing 470 emojis during 1999 and licensed them out to phone companies for a price.  Finally, in 2010, emojis hit the public internationally with 722 emojis being released on iPhone and Android devices.

Now in the age of cell phones, there are approximately 3,000 emojis available for our devices. It’s almost impossible for any of us to imagine not having these emojis for our messages.  Though I must look back and say it’s a shame that Ball only received a total of $45 for a design that was formed in his head alone.

You might not even know what an Emoji is!  These images are faces we use in our text message to display emotions such as blushing, smiling, or scowling.

Whether you want to end your message on a high note, add a smile in the middle of your text, or wishing...

Health Lifestyle

5 Chamomile Tea Benefits Your Body and Mind Need

I just recently returned from a trip to England, and out of all the habits or rituals I could have picked up from there, I think the one I’ll hang onto is tea, tea, and more tea.

You have it with breakfast, some at lunch, then there’s afternoon tea – or cream tea, my favorite – and some to finish your day. And when I say tea, I’m not talking one cup; most British people have an entire pot going all throughout the day, even for just one person.

Besides the fact that I love how afternoon tea is just an excuse to eat a small meal between lunch and dinner, the great thing about regularly adding tea into your life is the benefits a lot of teas have for your body and mind.

Chamomile has a range of benefits, for example, from sleep or digestion aid to mental health to heart health and more.

The chamomile flower contains flavonoids, sesquiterpenes, and antioxidants, and in a dried form, it can also be utilized for natural and herbal remedies. And it’s caffeine-free!

It’s not magic; the benefits of drinking chamomile tea are real, and here are a few of them.

Sleep

I think what we all know chamomile tea best for is that drinking a cup of it before you go to bed helps you get to sleep faster and have better quality sleep.

Thanks to an antioxidant called apigenin, which binds to certain receptors in your brain to reduce anxiety and initiate sleep, it has a natural and gentle calming effect.

A study was done in 2016 to find the links between sleep quality and depression in women and chamomile tea found that the group who drank chamomile before bed every night for two weeks had better sleep than those who didn’t; what’s more, when they stopped, the effects were reversed!

Anxiety

Anxiety has nearly become a chronic illness these days; in fact, 40 million Americans suffer from anxiety disorders, according to Medical News Today.  It’s the most common mental illness in America, and while some people use medication, this isn’t the answer for everyone.

Many people have begun using chamomile as a stress-reducer, either by dinking of cup of tea or using it in capsule form, as it benefits anxiety symptoms and helps to calm and ease insomnia.

If you’re struggling with anxiety and depression, you should consult a doctor. Chamomile may not work the same for you as it does for another.

Stomach Issues

If you ever suffer from menstrual cramps, an upset stomach, abdominal gas, indigestion, or irritable bowel syndrome, the anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and carminative properties chamomile tea contains help to soothe your stomach line.

It may even help decrease acid reflux, though more research needs to be done in order to confirm this.

Blood Sugar

If you or someone you know has diabetes, take note of this:

Drinking chamomile contains an antioxidant called quercetin which impacts particular enzymes that play a part in the diabetic process, so drinking chamomile tea may help lower blood sugar, according to research from Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in Iran.

The university conducted a small-scale study where 64 participants, between the ages of 30-60, with type 2 diabetes were observed. Half of them had chamomile every day at every meal for eight weeks while the other half just drank water.

After the eight weeks were up, the blood pressure of the first group was significantly lower on average than the latter group. More research needs to be conducted before these findings are conclusive, however.

Heart Health

Finally, some of the antioxidants you’ll find in chamomile are flavones, which have been studied over the years to measure their effectiveness in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol – including “bad” LDL cholesterol and triglycerides.

Since drinking chamomile tea regularly reduces stress, promotes sleep, and relaxes the blood vessels and arteries, it has the potential to help maintain healthy blood pressure levels if you drink it regularly.

Warning: If you’re on blood thinners, note that chamomile could increase the risk of bleeding, so be sure to consult your doctor.

So, maybe we should all do as the British do – or at least take up the habit of having a cup of chamomile tea before we go to bed at night.

Just like any other herbal tea, however, chamomile has some side effects, such as severe allergic reaction, eye irritation, hypersensitivity reactions, and vomiting.

Most likely you won’t encounter any of these, but it’s good to know the good and the bad and to check in with your doctor before you make it a regular part of your routine!

I just recently returned from a trip to England, and out of all the habits or rituals I could have picked up from there, I think the one I’ll hang onto is tea, tea, and more tea.

You have it with breakfast, some at lunch, then there’s afternoon tea –...

Inspiring Stories Science

New Alan Turing Banknote

Earlier this year, Alan Turing was named the most iconic figure of the 20th Century.  He is now the new image on the Bank of England’s £50 Note. What’s interesting, this is the last banknote to move from paper to polymer.  People will be able to use this note at the end of 2021.

Alan Turing worked for the British Government’s Code and Cipher School before WW II, He was a brilliant mathematician who cracked codes during World War Two. It is believed that he and other code breakers shortened the war by several years.

In 1939, he worked at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire. He was involved in top-secret work and was able to crack Germany’s military codes. Turing’s main job was to crack a code known as the Enigma Code. The code got its name from the machine called the Enigma used by the Germans to send secret messages.

Turing and Gordon Welchman, another code breaker, invented the machine called the Bombe.  This machine helped to significantly reduce the work of the code-breakers.

Because he spent the majority of his life working in secret, it was not until many years after his death that his legacy, life, and work came to light.  Due to his efforts during the war,  he had an enormous influence on the development of computer science and artificial intelligence.  There is no wonder why Alan Turing has been honored on the £ 50 note!

Decriminalization

Because being homosexual was illegal in Britain back then, in 1952 Turing was arrested for being gay. In 2013, he was posthumously pardoned which is the term for being pardoned after one’s death.  Turing died on June 7, 1954. In 2017, the government agreed to officially pardon men accused of similar crimes and expunged their criminal records.

This pardon is known as the Alan Turing Law.

Earlier this year, Alan Turing was named the most iconic figure of the 20th Century.  He is now the new image on the Bank of England’s £50 Note. What’s interesting, this is the last banknote to move from paper to polymer.  People will be able...