Author - guy Haikov

Cool Stories

10 Secret Code Words You’re Not Meant to Know

What at first seems like ordinary combinations of numbers or words can actually be signs of serious emergencies in the right situations. Read on to learn a few!

10-33

You’ve probably heard a policeman say “10-4,” at least in movies – a type of acknowledgment of what has been said. But 10-33 is something more. If you hear an officer say 10-33, it means there’s an emergency.

Code 10

The phrase “Code 10” actually has several meanings. If you’re in a hospital, it signals a serious threat or mass casualties. However, if you’re in a store and the cashier issues an authorization request for a Code 10, it means he or she finds you or your card to be suspicious. However, if you’re in Walmart, don’t be alarmed; Code 10 only means that there has been a dry spill!

7500

This number is something you should hope to never hear your pilot say because it’s a code that signals the plane has been hijacked.

However, more and more people have become familiar with what “7500” means in this situation, so many airlines have gone a step further to install a button or some sort of contraption in the cockpit which quietly turns the plane’s transponder to 7500. Then, the air traffic control will simply confirm with the pilot that he sent the signal intentionally.

7700, however, signals general emergencies on a plane.

Code Adam

Back in 1994, Walmart coined the phrase “Code Adam” following the abduction and murder of Adam Walsh, a 6-year-old who had been innocently strolling around Sears. Now, it is used to signal a missing child in many public locations, such as malls, hospitals, supermarkets, and museums. Congress has even mandated that all federal buildings use Code Adam procedures as of 2003.

Code Blue

Some hospitals may differ from others, so there’s a chance it may mean something different for some hospitals, but in general, a Code Blue means that a patient has gone into cardiac arrest.

Code Bravo

Hearing “Code Bravo” in an airport is quite serious, as it means there has been a bomb threat or some other sort of security breach.

In fact, you may even encounter officials yelling the phrase because they want people to freeze, helping them to find where the legitimate threat is more quickly.

Code Oscar

We often associate the word “Oscar” with the Academy Awards, but unfortunately, on ships, “Code Oscar” has nothing to do with movies and actors. It means that there is a man overboard.

Code Silver

If you’re in a hospital and year “Code Silver,” keep your eye out for suspicious individuals. It means that there is someone in the building with a weapon, a hostage situation has occurred, or some other violent situation has ensued which requires a lockdown.

Doctor Firestone

Dr. Firestone isn’t a real doctor, but you could hear the name in a real medical emergency. It lets hospital staff know there’s a fire in the building. If you hear an announcement saying, Paging Dr. Firestone to the fifth floor,” you should know that there is no Dr. Firestone.

What it actually means is that there is a fire in the building, and they want to let the staff know without causing mayhem. Some hospitals may use the phrase “Code Red” instead.

Echo, Echo, Echo

You would only hear this in context if you are out on a ship on a foggy night. It means that two ships are about to run into one another. Some cruise ships utilize this phrase to let everyone on board know that there are high winds.

What at first seems like ordinary combinations of numbers or words can actually be signs of serious emergencies in the right situations. Read on to learn a few!
10-33
You’ve probably heard a policeman say “10-4,” at least in movies – a type of...

City Life Tech News

Alphabet’s Wing Begins First Commercial Drone Delivery

For some time now, the talk of drone delivery services has been a growing phenomenon. Seen as the future of automation as well as the beginning of the end for working people, there’s a massive amount of disparity on this topic.

Many people simply don’t know where such technology will eventually stop. if automation keeps coming, what will the already struggling populace do for a living?

With that in mind, it’s important to note that Alphabet, the company behind Google, has released its first commercial drone delivery service. This is known as Wing, and it’s going to become the leading name in the industry.

Having beaten the likes of Uber to the release of such a project, this is going to become a major part of the process for delivery in the near future. Indeed, it’s already been out delivering packages to people around the United States.

Wing has managed to beat the competition by being able to get access to Federal Aviation Authority approval. This means that they could be using their drones to fly door-to-door, dropping off deliveries in the same way that a normal delivery driver would.

It’s already beat the major competitor, Amazon Prime Air, to the punch. Prime Air is expected to start on December 7th, but it’s already a service that Alphabet has put into practice.

The aim is to use these drones instead of having to use delivery drivers in dense living areas. If you are trying to make deliveries in an urban area, you can find it hard to make the speedy delivery necessary. These drones would put an end to that, making sure that people can get items dropped off to them in ways and in places that was simply not possible pre-drone.

The Ideal Solution to Delivery

Wing will be able to see their drones fly out from North Christiansburg, and then start delivering parcels given to them by local retailers. While it can’t exactly chap on the door and ask the recipient how their day is going, it will allow for much faster, simpler delivery. It will improve the speed of delivery, too, and will most likely change the future of delivery for customers.

Deliveries are rapid, too, with some companies seeing deliveries to local buyers in as little as eight minutes – you’d be lucky to get ‘fast food’ delivered in that kind of timeframe. Therefore, it’s very much become the go-to option already for local firms looking to try and speed up and streamline their own delivery process.

While some people worry that such technology could one day become problematic for society, today we can appreciate having our goods dropped off to us by our friendly neighborhood drone.

For some time now, the talk of drone delivery services has been a growing phenomenon. Seen as the future of automation as well as the beginning of the end for working people, there’s a massive amount of disparity on this topic.

Many people simply don’t...

City Life Inspiring Stories Vacation

Sleep in a Legend: Bauhaus School Opens to Guests

It was the early 1900s when Walter Gropius pioneered a new form of functionalism and minimalism that continues even now to shape architecture, graphic industrial, furniture, and interior design.

One of the most iconic parts of this movement was Bauhaus, a school in Germany that combined an arts-and-crafts ethos with an industrial aesthetic. The institution attracted potential artists and architects from all over Europe, molding and influencing their minds.

Teachers like Vassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee taught around 200 students creative ways to form ideas from all sorts of disciplines, such as construction, advertising, manufacturing, and, of course, art. The building feels like some of today’s Modernist designs, but, at the time, it was the beginning of a movement, especially its innovative curtain wall system.

Form Follows Function

While the institution moved from Weimar to Dessau and Berlin then back again, it has been renovated in Dessau to look and feel the way it did in 1926. The school is complete with student rooms available to rent that are small and minimally appointed with private balconies.

The rooms were designed to be spaces not only for sleeping and hanging one’s clothes, but also to be a workspace with a chair and desk. They’re formed, mainly, to draw people into collaborative studio spaces.

Studios and sleeping spaces are now open to the public for around $50 a night, so now both fans and designers have the ability to revel in this iconic space designed by both teachers and students and enjoy the proto-Modernist architecture that so influenced what we have today.

It was the early 1900s when Walter Gropius pioneered a new form of functionalism and minimalism that continues even now to shape architecture, graphic industrial, furniture, and interior design.

One of the most iconic parts of this movement was Bauhaus, a...

Animals

Jellyfish Spinning After Getting Caught in Bubble Ring

Incredible footage shows the moment a jellyfish collides with a bubble ring off the coast of Menorca, Spain.

Footage captured on June 3 shows the jellyfish spinning after getting caught in the bubble.

Incredible footage shows the moment a jellyfish collides with a bubble ring off the coast of Menorca, Spain.

Footage captured on June 3 shows the jellyfish spinning after getting caught in the bubble.

Nature & Tech Science

Could Helium Shortage Have Serious Repercussions for Humanity?

You know when you go to a party, and someone whips out some helium balloons? It’s all very funny. Watching someone turn into a cartoon character for a few sentences will always produce a few laughs.

Sadly, we might be seeing a slow-down in such party tricks; the world has a present helium shortage. And it could be putting more than just party balloons at risk: it could have an impact on everything from our ability to explore the stars to how we handle healthcare worldwide.

This is the third major shortage of helium in the last 15 years, and it does have a bit of an impact on the industry as a whole. Many might not think it matters much but trust us – it does. It really does. Helium is used in all manner of industries, from healthcare and technology to being used in some forms of space exploration.

This super-light element is used as a semiconductor in various fields. That is now at risk.

Helium is generated underneath the earth; the product of radioactive decaying of uranium and thorium. It’s then drilled out from the surface using massive drilling techniques. However, it’s becoming more and more challenging to get enough helium out from the earth. It’s having an impact on everything from research into gas chromatography to issues with healthcare needs.

While healthcare is often the industry that gets prioritized over everything else (rightly so), it’s becoming a common issue. To have a shortage once every five years almost is a big change in the way we used to deal with a substance that, at once, was almost in complete abundance.

Finding new sources of helium

The next challenge, then, is going to be finding newer sources of helium. With the cost of helium going up so much due to demand, the sooner we can find a higher volume of supply the better.

Indeed, some companies out in Canada are working on a form of production that would make it easier for us to find the supply we need. Indeed, companies like North American Helium currently have six major wells completed and have over one million acres worth of helium imports.

However, the time it takes to create a well from conception to a fully operating helium plant is many years. As such, it’s not quite quick enough to deal with the immediate shortages that we are facing at the moment. Canada, though, has a slightly different form of helium: it appears to be formed by underground nitrogen reservoirs.

Getting this out of the ground is much easier and it would have a much small environmental impact when pulling it out. As such, a lot of effort and concentration is going into helping this particular kind of development become the norm.

Given that this is quite unique to Canada, though, it’s still not going to help with the global shortages we are facing – not everyone can use the same easier solutions for extraction.

The demand for helium is real, and something has to be done to try and keep up with demand.

You know when you go to a party, and someone whips out some helium balloons? It’s all very funny. Watching someone turn into a cartoon character for a few sentences will always produce a few laughs.

Sadly, we might be seeing a slow-down in such party...

Earth Inspiring Stories

‘World’s Smallest McDonald’s’ Restaurant for Bees Is Now Open

It’s always a joy to travel the world, see different sights, and explore foreign cultures. One of the reasons we travel is to see things that are different from what’s familiar to us. However, some things are all over the world, and one of those is the famous fast-food chain McDonald’s.

Now the restaurant has just done something most marvelous – it’s opened up a new restaurant!

“Now, wait a minute,” you may be thinking. “What’s so novel about that?” Well, this isn’t just any McDonald’s. This one is ‘the world’s smallest’ McDonald’s, and was created just for bees.

Though it’s obviously not serving food since it was created to be a beehive, the detail is amazing. McDonald’s cut no corners with their smallest of restaurants, providing it with signage, seating, drive-thru bays, and the famous golden arches.

This tiny restaurant in Sweden is the first of what the company hopes to be many, many – thousands, even – beehive McDonald’s. This first is a tribute to all of the Swedish McDonald’s, many of which have beehives on their roofs as an effort to assuage the effects of global warming.

Earth can’t live without bees

Bees play an absolutely crucial role in our planet’s ecosystem. They pollinate three quarters of our planet, but the bee population has experienced a serious decline as a result of pesticides and climate change. And no bees means no food.

McDonald’s currently has over 37,000 restaurants open all over the world, and if every one of those hosts a beehive, the positive impact could potentially be astronomical. The company hopes, therefore, that the initiative is taken up not just by Sweden but by every McDonald’s restaurant.

Christoffer Rönnblad, marketing director of McDonald’s Sweden, described it as a ‘great idea’.

According to Adweek, he said: “We have a lot of really devoted franchisees who contribute to our sustainability work, and it feels good that we can use our size to amplify such a great idea as beehives on the rooftops.”

The danger of pesticides to bees

Just last year, a ban on pesticides was put into effect by the EU just after the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reported that neonicotinoids were a serious threat to bees, no matter where or how they were used.

Vytenis Andriukaitis, the EU commissioner for Health and Food Safety, said: “The Commission had proposed these measures months ago, on the basis of the scientific advice from the European Food Safety Authority.

“Bee health remains of paramount importance for me since it concerns biodiversity, food production and the environment.”

It’s always a joy to travel the world, see different sights, and explore foreign cultures. One of the reasons we travel is to see things that are different from what’s familiar to us. However, some things are all over the world, and one of those is the...

Science

Hiroshima Beaches Full of Glass Beads from A-Bomb

When the United States of America made the decision to drop an atomic bomb on the Japanese in the Second World War, the world change. We watched first-hand the world adjust to a whole new kind of weaponry and firepower: a world that now knew planet-devastating horror.

Today, we have weapons of mass destruction that make the weapons dropped on Hiroshima seem like a cuddly toy. Depressingly, we as a species show no signs of slowing down in our desire to create warped weapons of infernal warfare that would, if used, bring about the end times.

Even the weapon dropped on Hiroshima, so weak compared to modern equivalents, is having an impact on the environment so many years later. Indeed, beaches which are situated close to the city of Hiroshima are loaded with tiny glass beads. These beads have formed over time after the nuclear bomb was dropped and are tiny pieces of debris which were melted by the ferocity of the fire blast.

This odd revelation was found by study scientists at UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab. They have done some research on the facility and found a host of beads that were never noticed until now. They seemingly formed in the atomic cloud from concrete, marble, stainless steel, and rubber. All of this was caught up in the explosion and could have created thousands of tons of these particles.

As Mario Wannier, a retired geologist at Berkeley Lab and study lead said: “This was the worst man-made event ever, by far,

“In the surprise of finding these particles, the big question for me was, you have a city, and a minute later you have no city … Where is the city? Where is the material? It is a trove to have discovered these particles. It is an incredible story.”

A world-changing discovery

The story if a horrifying example of the unique and demonic power of the nuclear bomb. The bomb itself was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945, and wiped out over 70,000 people in an instant.

Many more died – an equal number, many suggest – from the sickening after-effects of such an attack. Indeed, it destroyed the part of 90% of the structures in the city. The Japanese city of Nagasaki suffered the same fate only three days later.

These small beads have been around for some time, then, but only now are being noticed as part of the fabric of the beach. Collected by a colleague, Marc de Urreiztieta, on the Motoujina Peninsula, around four miles from the city.

Wannier, an expert in studying local marine environments and the study of sand, was notified immediately. Alongside UC Berkeley mineralogist, Rudy Wenk, the analyzed these beads further. What they found was that it was made up of a wide range of chemicals, made from numerous structures which were eviscerated in the strike.

If you wish to find out more about this engaging study, you can read more about it in the Anthropocene journal. We now have more proof, though, about the long-term and lasting damage that could be caused by the use of atomic firepower. Hopefully, we never have to witness its consequences again.

When the United States of America made the decision to drop an atomic bomb on the Japanese in the Second World War, the world change. We watched first-hand the world adjust to a whole new kind of weaponry and firepower: a world that now knew...

Humans Are Awesome Inspiring Stories

Apollo 11 Moon Landing Instruction Manual For Sale

This is going to head up for auction in the near future. The instruction manual that was used by Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong to get to the moon in 1969 is going up for auction. It’s expected to fetch around $9m and will go on sale at an auction at Christie’s.

In life, the modern demand for money means that we often see items we would class as priceless being sold for cheap sums of money. People selling off prized sporting medals, celebrities selling off old guitars, that kind of thing. Poverty, and rising from poverty to fame, can see people make decisions that are based on their immediate needs.

It’s easy to see how it happens, too; what use is memorabilia if you cannot eat tonight? Sometimes, though, you see something go up for auction that simply shocks you. Like the instruction manual for the Apollo 11 moon landing.

This space-themed auction is going to have some amazing things up for sale, with some of it going for millions, all in the name of celebrating the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11.

The book, named The Apollo 11 Lunar Module Timeline Book, was part of the reason why those two men got to the moon and back. We have to admit, though, it’s funny, the concept of two men reading an instruction manual to work it out the same way you would with a new washing machine or chainsaw.

It’s got all of the sales pitch that you need, too, such as the fact that it seemingly sat between the two fellas when Armstrong said those famous words: ‘The Eagle has landed.’

A huge piece of human history

Going to the Moon, then, was one of the major moments of the previous century. In a century dominated by war and bloodlust, it was a rare moment of human achievement that would make you cheer rather than cry. This book, then, seemingly played a key role in helping such an amazing achievement take place to begin with.

Indeed, there is even a section within the book that speaks about whether or not the astronauts should just stay on the Moon. According to the Head of Books and Manuscripts at Christie’ America, Christina Geiger, it’s ‘almost like a choose your own adventure,’

With around 150 annotations included within the book, too, many people find it quite exciting to be able to see the mind of these men at work.

Traces of what is seemingly ‘lunar dust’ has been found on the pages, too, as well as all manner of other interesting pieces of information and minor factoids that we are sure will be of huge interest to those who grew up watching this momentous moment in history take place.

Without doubt, this is going to be one of the most in-demand items to have ever been put up for auction from this most incredible feat of human achievement: a reminder of what we can do when we aren’t all bickering.

This is going to head up for auction in the near future. The instruction manual that was used by Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong to get to the moon in 1969 is going up for auction. It’s expected to fetch around $9m and will go on sale at an auction at...

Inspiring Stories

Emotional Reunion as Irish Woman, 81, Finally Meets Her Mother, 103

81-year-old Eileen Macken from Dublin has finally found her birth mother.  Eileen was raised in an orphanage in Dublin and started her search for her mother over 60 years ago, when she was just 19.

Sadly Eileen had not been successful until one day she was contacted by a genealogist after appearing on RTÉ Radio 1′s Liveline.  The genealogist had tracked Eileen’s mother and found her living in Scotland.

Last month Eileen traveled to Scotland accompanied by her husband, daughter, and son-in-law and finally met up with her mother, now 103.

Macken revisited the radio show and spoke to the host, Joe Duffy, in a follow-up show after meeting her mother, Elizabeth.  She said she had been given a warm welcome both from Elizabeth herself and her family.

Despite having never met the two women had a bond and spent some time chatting.  Elizabeth is due to celebrate her 104th birthday this weekend.  Eileen did not stay too long because of Elizabeth’s advanced age but said that she was really kind and a fantastic woman.

She went on to thank the Liveline team and the genealogist for making their reunion happen, saying that she still felt like she was floating on a cloud and wondered if she would ever come down.

81-year-old Eileen Macken from Dublin has finally found her birth mother.  Eileen was raised in an orphanage in Dublin and started her search for her mother over 60 years ago, when she was just 19.

Sadly Eileen had not been successful until one day she was...

Fashion Lifestyle Tech News

UK Using Smart Billboards to Secretly Ad-target Shoppers

Many shopping centers in the UK have adopted a new kind of ad technique that involves surveillance cameras in shopping center billboards. These cameras are used to spy on you in order to show you the “correct” advertisement. The new technology has the ability to identify your age, gender, and even mood.

The smart boards detect how long certain customers look at advertisements and then change what they display depending on who is walking past.

So far, The Sunday Times has happened upon 50 of these screens in the UK; several of them can be found at Westfield shopping center in Shepherd’s Bush, London.

Apparently, companies utilizing this equipment don’t legally need to inform their shoppers that they are being filmed because the system complies with the UK’s data protection laws. Since no individually identifying information is being collected or stored, no laws are being broken.

First Company to Try This

One of the first companies to try this system out is Ocean Outdoor. The LookOut system is found in multiple tracking billboards throughout the UK.

Tim Bleakley, the company’s chief executive, told The Sunday Times: “We pioneered a facial detection technology which identifies the characteristics of the face to allow you to talk to advertisers about mood, gender, emotion and those kinds of things. We can measure the level of happiness or sadness. We can measure the dwell time.”

Bleakley told of how satisfied the supermarket executives of Waitrose were when they sprayed fake snow into the store and saw how evidently ‘customer happiness levels’ rose.

The cameras installed into the billboards spend every hour analyzing the shoppers to see what kind of people shopped and when they shopped. At times, shoppers are even inserted into adverts, a feature called ‘interactive advertising.’ One promotional video from Ocean Outdoor implied that the technology can determine how many ‘affluent’ people are in the area.

One of the billboards at Canary Wharf stated that 49 percent of people walking past that day were “affluent” and earned “over £100,000 ($129,000).”

The technology of Ocean Outdoor can be used on roadside billboards to figure the price of passing cars and advertise expensive things to those it thinks have lots of money.

Quividi is a French firm that also sells the facial detection technology and says that it collects and processes images of people in milliseconds but then deletes them forever once their basic profile information has been taken. Determining someone’s gender can be done with 90 percent accuracy within a five-year age bracket.

Many shopping centers in the UK have adopted a new kind of ad technique that involves surveillance cameras in shopping center billboards. These cameras are used to spy on you in order to show you the “correct” advertisement. The new technology has the...

Cool Stories Humans Are Awesome

3D Printed Cat Skull is Awesome and Terrifying

When it comes to caring for our pets and our animals, we can often find numerous ways to interact with them that we would not use with other animals. A lot of people, for example, can find it hard to interact with their cats.

If you find it hard to be able to connect with your cat, then you should spend a bit more time caring for its health. After all, you never know what kind of problems your cat’s low-energy, low-intensity lifestyle could be covering up. If you want some inspiration for why vigilance is essential to care for your cat, we recommend reading on.

When Linus the cat was taken to Washington State University, he was to get treatment on a whopping three brain tumors. That’s an incredible amount of work needed, with the tumors leading to a lot of pain and discomfort.

The cat went under the surgical knife to get rid of the tumors, but during surgery, there was an issue. The second tumor was removed, but the swelling of the brain became so extensive that they could not continue.

Thinking Out of the Box

The fear began to go around that Linus would not make it out of surgery. Within 20 minutes, though, he had woken up from the surgery – despite not being complete. The medical staff, due to swelling, could not replace the part of the skull they had taken off. Within 24-hours, though, this feline was looking around and moving about!

He was scheduled for a second bout of surgery, and they also had to deal with the fact his brain was no longer adequately protected. In a bid to do this, they used a 3D printer to create a ‘new’ skull for the cat. While Linus has gone through successful treatment and using pioneering medical technology to rebuild his skull, everything appears to have gone OK.

About of radiation therapy is needed, as is the need to care for its skull accordingly. However, it’s expected that over time young Linus will make a full and complete recovery – from the tumors and from the fact his skull had to be rebuilt. Amazing, right?

It just goes to show why ignoring all of those whines, groans, and pains from your cat is a dangerous thing to do!

When it comes to caring for our pets and our animals, we can often find numerous ways to interact with them that we would not use with other animals. A lot of people, for example, can find it hard to interact with their cats.

If you find it hard to be able...

Cool Stories

Oldest Tattoo Kit Ever Found Was Made from Human Bone

In 1963, scientists found a group of four tattoo combs and an ink pot on oceanic Polynesia’s Tongatapu island.  The island is one of 170 found within the South Pacific. Carbon dating has revealed the tool kit is 2,700 years old, making it the oldest complete tattoo kit found to date.

Sadly, the inkpot was lost in 2003 during a bushfire. Two of the tattoo tools were created from animal bones, most likely a sea bird.  Testing on the other two tools concludes that they were fashioned from the bones of larger mammals, quite possibly humans.

Griffith’s Australian Research Center for Human Evolution weighed in for an interview.  The foundation’s Michelle Langley explained the theory that the bones were human: “As there were no other mammals of that size on the island at the time, and human bone is known to be a preferred material for making tattooing combs, we believe they are most likely made from human bone.”

Michelle excitedly claims the kit is a phenomenal discovery, adding that it is very rare to find any kind of complete tool kit in the archeological record.

The tool kit was used by the indigenous peoples of the Pacific’s Oceanic region to etch monochromatic designs on their skin. These tattoos hold a high place in these peoples’ culture. Michelle describes the importance of the tattoos: “When Christian missionaries came through and banned tattooing on certain islands, people would travel to other islands to get their tattoos as they represented important aspects of their beliefs and traditions.”

Amazingly, the kit seemed to be owned by one tattoo artist who seemed to have been repairing a broken tool in the kit.  It has been theorized that the artist received a new kit because this one was too broken to be repaired. It might be that the tattoo kit was left behind by accident.

3,000 Years Old

The tattoo kit might be nearly 3000 years old, but the toolkit is largely unchanged. The same tools and techniques are used even today.

The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology released the findings, stating that the kit answers many questions about the art of tattooing in the Neolithic period. Very few haft bone tattoo combs have been found in archaeologist digs.

Researchers hope to find a new understanding of the movement of bone comb tattooing, and whether it spread with the expansion of people or was developed in West Polynesia.  Scientists reached the conclusion that these angle-hafted bone combs were of West Polynesia origin, and first used in Polynesia 2700 years ago.

These conclusions were explained by associate professor Geoffrey Clark, from the Australian National University School of Culture, History, and Language, in this statement: “These bone tattoo combs are a very specific type of technology found across Oceania.

The question has always been whether these tools were introduced to the Pacific through migration or were they developed in Polynesia where we know tattooing has a very prominent role in society and spread from there. This discovery pushes back the date of Polynesian tattooing right back to the beginnings of Polynesian cultures around 2,700 years ago.”

A team of researchers in North America had found an unrelated tattoo tool in southeastern Utah earlier this year. Dating back 2000 years in the past, the tool was the oldest to be found in North America and was made from the tip of a cactus spine attached to a skunk-brush handle.

In 1963, scientists found a group of four tattoo combs and an ink pot on oceanic Polynesia’s Tongatapu island.  The island is one of 170 found within the South Pacific. Carbon dating has revealed the tool kit is 2,700 years old, making it the oldest...