Author - Assaf Aricha

Health

Sharks Could Be The Secret Of Winning Cancer

Scientists mapping great white shark DNA have stumbled across something unexpected and exciting; a mutation that can be the key for fighting cancers and age-related diseases.

Scientists working at Nova Southeastern University in Florida in the Save Our Seas Foundation Shark Research Center have, for the first time, mapped out the DNA of these magnificent apex predators.

Along the way, the discovered some abnormalities in their genetic code that appears to help sharks fight illnesses, like cancers. Unstable genes in humans can cause illness, but sharks have a hard-wearing genetic structure that has contributed to their evolutionary success.

Nature’s Way To Stabilize Genes

Co-leader of the study, Dr. Mahmood Shivji, states, “Genome instability is a very important issue in many serious human diseases. Now we find that nature has developed clever strategies to maintain the stability of genomes in these large-bodied, long-lived sharks.”

While scientists admit that there is still much to be learned about these marvels of evolution, such as clarification on exactly how the research can be used to fight illness and cancer and help with the treatments of wounds in humans.

In addition, researchers say, the information they have uncovered can help conserve threatened species of sharks.

Overfishing has contributed widely to the decline of several species of shark, and the hope is that decoding the genome of the white shark will help scientists find a way to reverse the endangered members of the shark family.

Genetic conservationist from NSU, Steven O’Brien, is excited for the possibilities, explaining, “The genome data will be a great asset for understanding white shark population dynamics to better conserve this amazing species that has captured the imagination of so many.”

Scientists mapping great white shark DNA have stumbled across something unexpected and exciting; a mutation that can be the key for fighting cancers and age-related diseases.

Scientists working at Nova Southeastern University in Florida in the Save Our Seas...

Earth

Beekeepers Are Buzzing About AI

Artificial Intelligence is a technology that promises to solve many problems, but it doesn’t seem likely that it would help preserve our honeybee population.  As unexpected as it seems, though, AI can be used to protect bees from the Varroa mite and will help beekeepers keep their hives healthy and safe for the declining honey bee population.

The Varroa mite is a tiny bloodsucking parasite that feeds on bees, both adult and young.  It will weaken the colony, resulting in deformed and weakened generations of bees.  While the parasite is not a direct cause of death for the bees, their presence will eventually lead to a complete collapse of the colony.

The mites are so tiny that they will escape detection by the naked eye.  Only a millimeter in length, the colony can be affected for a very long time before the devastating results of the infestation are noticed.

Historically, beekeepers have had to carefully pick through the leavings of the hive, collected in a flat pan under the hive itself, to find the bodies of the tiny terrors if they wanted to stop the infestation.  Beekeepers try to meticulously comb through hive dirt and waste to find Varroa mites, and it is easy to miss the tiny creatures and not realize there is a problem.

This Is Where AI Comes In

AI is far superior to the naked eye in picking up undetectable data in a noisy background, like finding dead Varroa mites in piles of hive dirt, and in fact, students in Switzerland have invented ApiZoom to do just that.

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne students have been working on ApiZoom, programming it to detect and identify the tiny mites in pictures.  Beekeepers feed the data to the application by uploading photos to the EPFL site via smart device.

The students started testing the application in 2017 and have a 90% success rate.  The ApiZoom model has been trained to thousands of images, and the success rate is similar to humans performing the same task.

On the heels of this success, according to project member Alain Bugnon, the students are planning on widely distributing the app as soon as possible.  The application will be unrolled in two phases, first a web application to be followed by a smartphone application.

By combining the findings of these two approaches, it will be possible to evaluate the degree of infestation in individual hives as well as hives across a region.  In addition, the app will be able to identify any possible mutations of the mites and any beekeeper practices that might unintentionally encourage an infestation.

An appropriate infestation response can be coordinated using the data collected from ApiZoom. Alain Bugnon is planning on releasing ApiZoom as its own company, which will speed the production and release of the software to beekeepers.

Artificial Intelligence is a technology that promises to solve many problems, but it doesn’t seem likely that it would help preserve our honeybee population.  As unexpected as it seems, though, AI can be used to protect bees from the Varroa mite and will...

Health

DIY: Junk Food Makeovers

Ding Dongs, Cheez-its, and Doritos. For most adults today, these items of junk food were a major part of their school lunchboxes and vending machine experiences. Unfortunately, these snacks are packed with fat, preservatives, salt, and other chemicals.

Those who loved them as children, walk by them as adults, but this doesn’t mean that though have to. You can stop ignoring your cravings because now, we have healthy versions of five of your favorite childhood snacks!

Ding Dongs

If you have a kitchen and a bit of spare time you can make homemade dingdongs. Using oiled and floured cupcake pans, bake chocolate cake batter. Make sure that you are not using a liner or filling each section too high.

Once this is done, you can either slice each cake in half, spreading ice cream between its layers, or pipe some frosting cream into the center of each cake. Spread chocolate ganache over the treat. The are endless variations of this treat. You could use gluten-free or organic ingredients and different flavors of filling.

Cheez-Its

It would always be satisfying to hear that thud the bag of Cheez-its makes when it hits the bottom of the vending machine. Recreating the salty, crisp, cheesy snack is actually not that hard. Recipes to mimic this snack are readily available online. There are even keto-friendly options that are baked with cheddar cheese, sea salt, and almond flour. You can munch away guilt-free.

Doritos

Doritos are usually a very easy snack to make healthier. Start with small corn tortillas cut into triangular pieces. Lightly spray olive oil on the triangles, and place your favorite toppings on them, baking to a crisp. You can season with cajun powder, cheddar cheese, and parmesan and garlic. There are also recipes for seasonings that are similar to traditional flavors of Doritos available online

Fruit Roll-ups

Making healthy fruit roll-ups is actually surprisingly easy. Start by choosing three cups of your favorite blueberries, mangoes, strawberries, or any other fruit, adding sweetener to taste. Puree the fruits and spread the mixture on parchment paper in a thin layer. Heat your oven to 150 degrees, and bake them until they are dried. Cut the sheets into smaller pieces and roll them up – just like your lunchbox snack.

Fudge Striped Cookies

If you have circular cookie cutters and a favorite recipe for sugar cookies, you can use them to make homemade fudge striped cookies. Get some melted baker’s chocolate and once you have baked your cookies, dip the bottoms into the chocolate. Once that is dry, you can put stripes on the tops. Since you are controlling what goes in both the chocolate and the cookies, you can make sure that they are as healthy as you want.

Ding Dongs, Cheez-its, and Doritos. For most adults today, these items of junk food were a major part of their school lunchboxes and vending machine experiences. Unfortunately, these snacks are packed with fat, preservatives, salt, and other chemicals.
Those...

Nature & Tech

Biggest Ocean Clean Up Operation Is a Go

The Ocean Cleanup Concert has eventually become a reality to all who visualized it. The Ocean Cleanup program is designed to clean up the 11.8 trillion bits of trash which are hovering on the great Pacific Garbage Patch.

To that effect, Ocean Cleanup has deployed  $20 million systems for its accomplishment. A Forbes piece enlightens us on how ocean cleanup proposes to reuse and recycle ocean plastics; it is essential to check it out.

Floating Boom Scheme was invented by the Ocean Cleanup, a non-profit organization founded in 2013 by an 18-year-old Dutch inventor known as Boyan Slat.

The system was stationed on Saturday from San Fransisco Bay and is presumed to experience several weeks of experimentation before it could be hauled or introduced into operation. The mission of this Floating Boom System is to reveal an ‘’high-level technology” which will ride the world’s oceans of plastic.

The Floating Boom system has been considered to clean up half of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch in the space of five years with the aid of dozens of more Booms. The team estimates that each Boom will confine up to 150,000 pounds of plastic in a year as they swim by the currents between Hawaii and California.

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a whirl of trash built from an ocean Gyre in the Central North Pacific, and the whirlpool of debris spotted in the mid-1980s extends between California and Hawaii.

The vast Pacific Garbage is enormous that it can be detectable from space through covers and satellites. It comprises almost 1.8 trillion pieces of debris and 1.6 million square kilometers.

Typically, debris is settled and confined within a rotating ocean current known as a Gyre, and this often restricts the frequency of the refuse patch which is very profitable when building a system to obtain plastic.

The Floating Boom Operation will be pulled out 1,400 miles to the trash patch and begin accumulating trash after it might have undergone testing; this will occur around mid-October.

The Floating Boom regularly flows along with the local current thereby producing a U-shaped structure. Once the Boom swims, it accumulates sediment in the U-shaped system which has 10 feet of netting below it to obtain fewer particles of plastic. As soon as the boom is full, a vessel will reach the Boom and collect the plastic, convey it to the land for sorting and recycling.

The 10 feet netting is not thick enough, and the idea behind this is that the boom is meant to gather trash and not fish. Nevertheless, this continues to be evident in the open ocean.

Although the technology has not been proven in the open ocean yet, the team still has goals and ideas and are closest to finding an answer to cleaning up the Garbage Patch. From research, no other organization has a deployable system that will effectively clean up the refuse patch on this scale.

The group comprises of heavy hitters in the tech industry like Marc Benioff who is the chief executive of salesforce.com and Peter Thiel, the co-founder of PayPal.

Hopefully, sustained experimentation and deployment of the other booms to the company will further perfect the system, increase its productivity and make it less disruptive to ocean ecosystems.

The Ocean Cleanup Concert has eventually become a reality to all who visualized it. The Ocean Cleanup program is designed to clean up the 11.8 trillion bits of trash which are hovering on the great Pacific Garbage Patch.
To that effect, Ocean Cleanup has...

Celebs

The 3 Coolest Couples Between 1972 – 1974

Who was the coolest couple of the year? Who did you look at and say “wow… that looks like true love” but found yourself saying it over and over? I’m sure you would love to see these couples go on with their love, wouldn’t you?

Here’s a look back at those glamorous couples whose love felt just as real and intense as your crush from chem class. Continue down the time-tunnel of love:

1972: Carly Simon and James Taylor

Musical power couple Carly and James got married in 1972, just a year after they began dating. But Carly had her sights set on James way before they first met.

“I saw his picture on the cover of TIME magazine when I was walking home with my sister and I said, ‘I’m gonna marry that man,’” she once revealed to People.

Love comes to an end

They had two children together, but ultimately the couple filed for divorce after a decade of marriage thanks to Taylor’s infidelities and a heroin addiction… unfortunately they did not end on the best of terms.

1973: Ali MacGraw and Steve McQueen

Ali and Steve started dating in 1972 and got married a year later. Despite the couple’s glamorous veneer, their relationship was secretly quite rocky.

Secret Trauma

McQueen, titled the “King of cool” at his time, was not only abusive and had constant affairs, but throughout their marriage he would not allow McGraw to work, even offering to pay her not to take roles she was offered.

“There were many times that were just wonderful, and there were many times that were just ghastly,” Ali explained to People. The couple got divorced in 1977.

1974: Anjelica Huston and Jack Nicholson

Anjelica and Jack began dating in the early ’70s, and their on-and-off relationship spanned the next 17 years.  While Nicholson was emotional and caring about Anjelica throughout their relationship, he was also constantly busy with flings outside their relationship.

Shocking Surprise

Anjelica wrote in her memoir that Jack was constantly unfaithful, and she finally left him when he disclosed that was expecting a child with another woman. Still, the couple was a sought-after staple in the 1970s and ’80s Hollywood scene.

This can go on up to 2018, so if you want to see who else was the hottest couple of the year, continue here

Who was the coolest couple of the year? Who did you look at and say “wow… that looks like true love” but found yourself saying it over and over? I’m sure you would love to see these couples go on with their love, wouldn’t...