Author - Manuel Moreno

Veinticuatro años. Venezolano. Escritor de pasatiempo y amante de la buena vida. Emprendedor y aventurero. Mente de ingeniero y corazón de músico.

Twenty four years old. Venezuelan. Writer of hobby and good life lover. Entrepreneur and adventurer. Engineer's mind and musician's heart.

Cool Stories Fashion Humans Are Awesome

Tattoos Unveiled on Egyptian Mummies From 3,000 Years Ago!

These tattoos were actually hidden before the rise in high-technology which is drawing the attention of Egyptologists everywhere.  It’s allowing for a glimpse into the lives of people in Egyptian culture 3,000 years ago, along with how they lived and how they worked.

According to the archaeologist, Anne Austin in a study published in 2017, she described identical symbols of religious connections as well as floral motifs, animals, and deities.  At that time, photography showed dozens of tattoos on necks, shoulders, arms, and backs of mummies including one with 2 lotus blossoms connected by a dotted line on a woman’s lips.

In 2014, the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale (IFAO) identified an extensively tattooed mummy from the necropolis at Deir el-Medina. The community was made up of workmen who cut and designed the New Kingdom’s royal tombs. Since that time, there have been several other individuals with tattoos among mummies that have been unidentified on the site.

Deir el-Medina was an ancient village occupied by craftsmen who built the royal tombs for the nearby Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens, according to the Ancient History Encyclopedia.   Deir el-Medina, unlike other places at the time, was a community for the sole purpose of housing the workers who were known as “Servants in the Place of Truth.

Look Again!

Along with her team, Austin examined the mummies in 2016 and then again this year. The findings were presented before the American Schools of Oriental Research.  Identified tattooed individuals along with others that were previously examined have been revealed.

Unfortunately, researchers can not identify the symbols or what they possibly meant or what they were used for.  The identities of these mummies remain unknown.

Researchers wrote in a paper that the distribution, displays, and content of these tattoos show how they were used in religious practices and to create public identities. One female mummy had extensive tattoos that revealed the tattoos were used to identify and enable this woman to act as a key religious practitioner to the Deir el-Medina community.

While the placement and designs of the tattoos varied greatly, the number of tattoos suggests that this was a practice that played a significant role in Deir el-Medina culture.  Without a doubt, these new findings definitely reveal that the practice of tattooing in ancient Egypt was very popular.

Egyptologists have identified only a handful of tattoos going back to Pharaonic Egypt’s 3,000-year history.  That said, there is very little known about the practice of tattoos in Ancient Egypt. Researchers, to date, claim they have discovered what they believe are the oldest tattoos ever on 2 different mummies housed in the British Museum that date back 5,300 years ago.

Deir el-Medina has been excavated and studied since the early 20th century and has given the world so much information about the daily lives of the people as well as the construction of the resting places of the royals.

These tattoos were actually hidden before the rise in high-technology which is drawing the attention of Egyptologists everywhere.  It’s allowing for a glimpse into the lives of people in Egyptian culture 3,000 years ago, along with how they lived and how...

Earth Inspiring Stories

The World is at Your Command with Google’s Earth Creation Tools

If you have lived in different states or countries or just moved from one home to another in your town, you know homes and even apartments come with their own special sights and sounds along with different smells and changes in taste.

Well now, you can get added help from Google’s Earth Creation Tools to help you collect and share your favorite memories.

People have used Google Earth to view our wonderful planet for almost 15 years.  According to Gopal Shah, product manager, their mission is not about showing people the same old pictures of our planet, they want to bring the entire planet to life!

Google Earth’s placemarks are for storing points to access information for now or later and share with others. Be sure to draw your own placemarks, add shapes or anything else you wish. Attach custom text, images, and videos then organize your own very unique story.  By all means, collaborate with others!

When you are done, you will be ready to share it with the world.  Click on the “Present” button to take your chosen audience on a tour of someone’s excellent journey, a forest coming to life, or a fictional road adventure.

Story-telling Maps

It’s been 2 years since Google introduced Voyager which showed guided tours to the world with added stories. With the launch of the next and best step toward taking the power of map-making and story-telling and handing it over to you.

Their new creation tools are now available on the internet for Google Earth. At this time, there is no word when they will be available for mobile devices which currently only support viewing projects.

You can turn your digital world into your very own story and create a map or story about the places that are so important to you. After all, the world is at your command with Google Earth Creation Tools!

If you have lived in different states or countries or just moved from one home to another in your town, you know homes and even apartments come with their own special sights and sounds along with different smells and changes in taste.

Well now, you can get...

Cool Stories

Over 140 New Nazca Lines Discovered in Peru

Researchers at Yamagata University and IBM Japan have identified more than 100 new geoglyphs picturing fish, snakes, humanoids, and many other things in Nazca, Peru using AI technology owned by IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center in New York. In all, they discovered 142 geoglyphs dating back to between 100 BCE and 300 CE.

The images were negative ones created by removing rocks from the white sand. The longest of all the images is over 100 meters from top to bottom, bigger than the Statue of Liberty while the smallest is 5 meters, around the same size as Michelangelo’s David.

To make things easier, the researches divided all the geoglyphs into two categories according to their size, age, and design. Type A are those which tend to be bigger – 50 meters or more – and are just line drawings while Type B consists of smaller geoglyphs on solid-colored surfaces.

These two categories also differ by age. Typically, those in Type B were older, thought to be created anywhere from 100 BCE to 100 CE during the Initial Nazca Period, or earlier even, while Type B is a bit more recent – that is, between 100 and 300 CE.

The researchers’ theory is that each group had a different purpose. Type A, the larger ones, may have been for rituals that involved pottery while Type B was simply for decoration. These second ones were discovered close to paths or on slopes, which suggests their purpose may have been to aid travelers.

What do we know about the Nazca Lines?

In 1994, all the lines and geoglyphs of Nazca and Palpa, located 400 or so kilometers south of Lima, near the town of Nazca, were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Spanning 517 square kilometers of desert, it is here that the Nazca civilization created hundreds of geoglyphs between 500 BCE and 500 CE.

According to National Geographic, it wasn’t until flight was invented that they were discovered. That means they were left untouched for thousands of centuries.

Researchers are still mystified as to how or why geoglyphs were constructed, but as the World Heritage Convention states, they have turned “the vast land into a highly symbolic, ritual and social-cultural landscape that remains until today.”

“They represent a remarkable manifestation of a common religion and social homogeneity that lasted a considerable period of time.”

Some say they were used as a big astronomical calendar while others say they were places to perform rituals for farming success. Still others think that they were alien landing sites – one of the most unique and improbable theories.

Researchers at Yamagata University and IBM Japan have identified more than 100 new geoglyphs picturing fish, snakes, humanoids, and many other things in Nazca, Peru using AI technology owned by IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center in New York. In all, they...

City Life Lifestyle

The Power of Plants Actually Increases Your Productivity at Work!

Being tied to your desk all day long not only drains the life out of you, but your energy is shot to heck!  Many companies have been searching for solutions to increase their employee’s productivity. Well, it seems plants take the gold medal as the perfect solution!

According to a Canadian employer, they gave each one of their employees a plant and their productivity increased by 30%. Well, science is here to tell us why plants give employees what they need to keep them energized during the workday.

Plants Rock!

 Not only are plants decorative for your office, but plants give off many health benefits for our bodies and minds. Research by the National Institute of Environmental Health Services has shown that plants keep the air indoors much cleaner and improves our ability to concentrate.

It’s a known fact that furniture, cleaners, paint, and other elements in an office environment send off many toxic compounds which, in turn, contribute to our inability to think clearly.

Some of the best plants for ridding of unwanted compounds from our office air include bamboo palms, rubber plants, and snake plants plus they look really great.

The appearance of green plants around an office gives employees greater relaxation and removal of stress.  Plants also improve our mood conditions and we are able to stay focused for longer periods of time.  Companies have found that by implementing certain décor, employees’ morale and productivity are on the rise.

This includes indoor trees, planter boxes, and other natural elements to encourage natural, positive vibes.

Research has shown that looking at plants actually stimulates our brains and we will more easily enter into a more relaxed mode.  On top of that, a well-designed office with good light and plants, are a great benefit to the company’s bottom line.

 The Connection Between Plants & People

 According to studies, there is a strong need for people to be surrounded by nature.  Even though many of us live in a very fast-paced environment surround with chrome and glass, nature is a vital part of our society.  Also, when people are engaged in the modern world, they are completely immersed in their frontal lobe.

Being exposed to nature, the hyper-active frontal lobe is deactivated, encouraging happiness and stimulates creativity. So people wonder if you would have the same benefits if the plants in your office were fake.  Plants emit natural elements that benefit people, artificial or fake plants are just that, fake.

 Productivity Solutions

Companies for many years have been in debates and discussions trying to find out how much money or time is lost when their employees are unhappy, sick, or totally disengaged. Billions of dollars are tossed out the window due to issues with productivity so finding solutions are integral for expansion and profits.

Money is constantly spent in team building, developing an inclusive office culture, and extracurricular activities to promote increased productivity.  A Canadian business owner took a piece of advice from his wife, giving each employee a plant to place on their desks.

Employees were exposed to all available plants to find the perfect match. The results were astonishing, he discovered that each employee was doing approximately 30% more business.  He also added, that on top of improved metrics, all the plants were doing really well after five years of being introduced.

It seems his employees also seem to have developed green thumbs and have responded very positively to their new desk partners.  The employees each received their plants with a name tag that read “My Name Is…” which seems to have fostered an incredible relationship.  Adding plants and greenery to the workplace is a positive benefit for absolutely everyone involved.

Being tied to your desk all day long not only drains the life out of you, but your energy is shot to heck!  Many companies have been searching for solutions to increase their employee’s productivity. Well, it seems plants take the gold medal as the...

Funny Stories

The Famous Boulder ‘Wizard Rock’ has Vanished!

The Arizona Republic reported that a one-ton boulder, known as Wizard Rock, mysteriously disappeared from its location approximately 2 weeks ago.

Officials from Prescott National Forest said it would take very heavy machinery to remove this boulder from its location due to its size and weight.  Jason Williams, Trails and Wilderness Manager at the park told the Republic that you could move it if you had a backhoe.

He added that a Bobcat could be used if the trailer was positioned just right and you didn’t mind if things were harmed along the way.

Williams suggested that the boulder could have been removed in broad daylight because anyone passing by would not think they were trying to steal the boulder instead they would be seen as workers of the park just moving it.

The general public would think somebody working with large equipment in the forest would assume it’s authorized.  It would appear they were professionals doing something that was authorized by the forest service and probably even paid for doing so.

A Famous Landmark

Wizard Rock was a well-known landmark to many people as they drove by along State Route 89 and a very popular place for people to visit and take photos with the rock.  Wizard Rock has streaks of white quartz running through it which makes it very distinctive.

Debbie Maneely, spokesperson for Prescott National Forest, told Newsweek the boulder had been reported to the trails and wilderness program by a member of the public that appreciated this unique boulder for many years.

Since that time, various media stories have popped up and the park has gotten unconfirmed reports on social media claiming the boulder may have been taken 1 to 2 months before ever being reported as missing.

Maneely said that the disappearance of this unique boulder only shows that there are so many interesting and unique things all around us in the national forests and, as humans, we often do not take the time to appreciate the value of these wonderful items until it’s too late and they are gone.

Park officials are urging anyone who has information regarding the disappearance of Wizard Rock to call 928-443-8110.  Removing items and minerals from National Forest lands without a permit is illegal.  Anyone caught doing so, can be fined up to $5,000 or sentenced to six months in jail or both.

It’s disappointing and unfortunate when national forests lose such precious items like this boulder.  Their hope is that it will be returned to them and these recent occurrences will become an educational opportunity to learn from, not just walk off with.

These boulders belong to the public and should be enjoyed by locals as well as visitors for many years to come.  If anyone has any questions regarding what they can take or purchase from the Prescott Nation Forest or how to get legal authorization to do so, they should contact any of the park’s offices for more information.

This is not the first time in recent months that boulders have been removed from Prescott National Forest.  Over the past 4 months, there have been 2 different incidents where boulders weighing between 750 to 2,000 pounds have been taken using heavy equipment.

Maneely said when boulders have unique features such as their coloring or if their shape looks like an animal or, in this case, something dark and magical, people will take them for yard decoration.

Why people go through this is not really known.  These heavy rocks are used by the U.S. Forest Service to create barriers, define parking areas, and build large retaining walls.

Prescott National Forest runs along 1.25 million acres across north-central Arizona, encompassing a variety of environments from deserts to mountains.  We just hope the boulder will be found and brought back to its rightful place!

Good News Update: The Rock is Back!

The Arizona Republic reported that a one-ton boulder, known as Wizard Rock, mysteriously disappeared from its location approximately 2 weeks ago.

Officials from Prescott National Forest said it would take very heavy machinery to remove this boulder from its...

Cool Stories Tech News

SpaceX Looks at 2020 for First Internet Coverage From Space

SpaceX is looking at mid-2020 to start offering broadband services via Starlink – a huge internet-from-space project.  To get the project up and running 60 satellites must be deployed which requires 6-8 launches.

Starlink constellation will consist of thousands of satellites orbiting the Earth at low altitudes.  These satellites will be used to provide internet coverage.

The Federal Communications Commission has licensed Space X to launch 12,000 satellites as part of the project and last week the company contacted the ITU (International Telecommunications Union) to request radio frequencies it needs to communicate with another 30,000 satellites.  In total SpaceX intends to launch around 42,000 satellites into low orbit.

The World Wants to Connect

The initiative stems from the increased demand for reliable and fast internet globally, and to reach areas where connectivity has been patchy, non-existent or too expensive.  SpaceX will likely be working to make Starlink Constellation scalable to meet anticipated future needs.

To date, 60 Starlink satellites have been launched by SpaceX and 3 of these failed when they reached orbit.  Two further satellites were removed from orbit which indicates that the company can do this if they need to.  However, the other satellites have accessed the correct orbit and are functioning normally.  This was announced by Elon Musk, CEO of SpaceX via the system.

The project is still very much in its infancy with a lot of work still to complete before the general public can access the internet via Starlink.  As well as getting the satellites into orbit, Space X is still developing the user terminal that receives the signal from space.

The eventual roll-out may mean direct launch to customers in some areas, whereas in others it will be accessed via a telecom company.  This, along with pricing, has yet to be established.

With its venture into the Starlink Constellation SpaceX moves into the realms of space technology being utilized in commerce.

SpaceX is looking at mid-2020 to start offering broadband services via Starlink – a huge internet-from-space project.  To get the project up and running 60 satellites must be deployed which requires 6-8 launches.

Starlink constellation will consist of...

Galleries

Little Known Facts About the ‘Fresh Prince of Bel-Air’

Can you believe it’s 30 years since The Fresh Prince first aired?

Will Smith came to prominence when he starred in the hit show “The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air” alongside a diverse cast of characters. There were his cousins, the bubble-headed Hilary and the goodie-two-shoes Carlton, whose legacy lives on in the form of “The Carlton” dance.

The nostalgia-trip takes us fans and the stars alike down memory lane. Will Smith has launched a clothing line inspired by the 90’s show, called “Bel-Air Athletics,” featuring 26 pieces in total, for men, women, and kids.

Fans have created a short film of what the Fresh Prince would look like had it been made today (hint – darker…).

One thing is for sure – everybody misses this show.

What has happened to the cast since? How many legendary cast members have recently died? Was the show really canceled 3 times? All the answers are ahead, starting with…

Can you believe it’s 30 years since The Fresh Prince first aired?

Will Smith came to prominence when he starred in the hit show “The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air” alongside a diverse cast of characters. There were his cousins, the bubble-headed Hilary...

City Life Lifestyle

Things You Should Know Before Ordering Steak at Your Favorite Restaurant!

If you like your steaks medium-rare, you need to be careful because you might not get what you are expecting in this day and age.

Most professional chefs will tell you for a medium-rare steak the temperature must be 135° to seal in the flavor and ensure the steak is tender.  The steak should also be allowed a little more time for that nice charring on the outside.

Today, ordering a medium-rare steak might end up being a great deal rarer than you were hoping for.  Many customers at their favorite restaurant have reported that when their order for a medium-rare is delivered to their table, the meat is almost completely raw!

So, Why Is My Medium-Rare Steak Raw?

It really has nothing to do with the cooking process, it’s the cost!

The cost for a high-quality rib eye is now $8 while a few years ago it was $6. We all know that the cost of living is on the rise from our rental costs to labor.  With restaurants, the competition is very high causing more high-end restaurants to try and outdo their competition both in food, décor, and even advertising.

Costs Effect The Cooking Process:

If a customer has to send their steak back because it’s under-cooked, the chef will put it back on the grill for a few minutes which will not increase the cost when it’s returned to the customer.

On the other hand, if a customer complains their steak is over-cooked, it has to be thrown out and the chef must start all over again and this leads to higher costs,  Today, profit margins are very tight and therefore a chef will show caution by under-cooking the steak.

How To Get Your Steak Just Right:

You should try to communicate with your waiter what you want in your steak. Instead of ordering a medium-rare steak, tell them you want a medium-rare + steak.

It will still be medium-rare but just cooked a little bit longer.  This will guarantee you get the steak your want so you can enjoy every morsel!  If you bring home a doggy bag, you should know how to reheat your steak without losing those incredible flavors,  Check out this link for great results.

I hope this will help you get the steak you are expecting the next time go out to eat!

If you like your steaks medium-rare, you need to be careful because you might not get what you are expecting in this day and age.

Most professional chefs will tell you for a medium-rare steak the temperature must be 135° to seal in the flavor and ensure the...

Earth Vacation

Nature Lovers Now Have 270,000 Acres of Land Open in California

Many people looking to get back into nature have a hard time finding places that are pristine, open, and ever so natural to unwind and just have a great time.

Nature lovers now have a new area in California to view breathtaking mountains, an abundance of wildlife, ancient old oak trees, fields and streams, along with so many hiking trails.  You might just discover your next excellent vacation spot without ever having to leave the country!

Tejon Ranch has donated a great deal of land so visitors can enjoy nature in the most wonderful way.  Tejon Ranch has been around since 1843 and the owner, Fitzgerald Beale, has partnered with an online travel company, Explore Ranches, to allow their members access to 270,000 acres of private land.

About Tejon Ranch:

The ranch is located 60 miles north of Los Angeles and 30 south of Bakersfield.  It is the largest, continual expansion in California offering 422 square miles of land. Tejon Ranch has joined other natural environments in the state, Mojave Desert, Sierra Nevada, San Joaquin Valley, and Coastal Range.  The spans of land is larger than New York City.

There are hundreds of miles of trails and roads to hike along, fields of grass, coniferous forests, ancient oak and Joshua trees, a huge diversity of wildlife, and many reservoirs and streams.

Their partnership with Explore Ranches allows visitors to choose their accommodation from 4 separate lodges that will hold 4 to 12 people at three different locations, including the Venado Cabin.

Located at the foot of the mountains, Venado Cabin offers incredible, endless views from the porch of the cabin.  You can see red-tailed hawks, an occasional condor, eagles, and deer roaming freely along the hillsides.

You can also enjoy a game of horseshoes with their private horseshoe pit.  For those who want to explore the ranch, there are miles of trails for hiking, going on driving tours, or biking.  Just below the cabin, there is an incredible fishing pond loaded with bass and bluegill and a massive meadow with huge oak trees.

If you want a really wonderful vacation away from your hectic lifestyle, visiting this property will give you access to so many activities including mountain biking, hiking, fishing, picnicking, and the incredible opportunity to take photos of wildlife and breathtaking landscapes. What an idyllic way to totally unwind!

Many people looking to get back into nature have a hard time finding places that are pristine, open, and ever so natural to unwind and just have a great time.

Nature lovers now have a new area in California to view breathtaking mountains, an abundance of...

Animals Cool Stories Science

A Pocket Shark That Glows in the Dark!

A new species of the pocket shark was found in the Gulf of Mexico.  It secretes a liquid that glows in the dark,  attracting its prey.

This is a very significant find because it’s the only other member of the  Mollisquama genus that has been identified, according to a study published in the  Zootaxa journal.

Named the American Pocket Shark (Mollisquama mississippiensis) was identified as a new species based on an analysis performed on a single 5½-inch-long male that was caught in the Gulf in 2010.

In Louisiana, researchers from Tulane University applied several different techniques including X-ray imaging and high-resolution CT scans to examine the specimen.  It was determined it was a different species of the pocket shark  (Mollisquama parini)  that was ever reported.  In 1979, a pocket shark was captured in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Only two ever captured

Director of the Tulane Biodiversity Research Institute, Henry Bart, said in the history of science, these are the only two pocket sharks ever captured or reported.  He said that both sharks are separate species and from different oceans.

They are both extremely rare and the fact that only one pocket shark was reported from the Gulf of Mexico, this new species emphasizes how very little scientists know about the Gulf, especially in deeper waters. This has led scientists to question how many new species might be in the Gulf, yet to be discovered.

Both M. mississippiensis and M. parini have similar characteristics, they both have two rather large “pockets” near their front fins and gills. In a paper, the latest pocket shark has a fluid that glows and then attracts prey.

Even though both species have similarities, they also have notable differences, according to the Tulane scientists.  The M. mississippiensis has fewer vertebrae than the shark found in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.  Also, the species found in the Gulf has many light-producing organs known as photophores which have been found all over the body.

A new species of the pocket shark was found in the Gulf of Mexico.  It secretes a liquid that glows in the dark,  attracting its prey.

This is a very significant find because it’s the only other member of the  Mollisquama genus that has been...

Animals Nature & Tech

Tourist Unwittingly Poses With Highly Poisonous Australian Octopus

Why is nature so beautiful? Why does a short walk amidst nature has such a calming influence on our mind? Why does the sight of flowers, butterflies, rainbows, and animals fill our hearts with joy unspeakable?

While evolution and science can explain many facts of our daily existence, the answer to this profound puzzle lies a little beyond the reaches of present-day science, and in the realms of the super-conscious.

Nature is beautiful because it is a manifestation of everything that is fervently pulsating with life on this planet. In the midst of nature, our minds become calm because we feel the pull of this joyful cosmic consciousness.

For the most part, people will do anything to avoid crawling creatures, especially when it comes down to disgusting, slimy, dangerous, poison octopus. Octopuses seem to tick most people’s instincts just by looking the way they look, not taking the dangerous factor in consideration.

This particular octopus might not be big however it happens to make the list in most dangerous and venomous octopus’s we’ve seen. This guy means business and that is clearly shown on this video.

Take a look at this story as a young Irish tourist was fishing with friends in Bundaberg, Queensland, on July 12 when he decided to pose for a photograph with an eye-catching mollusk that he later learned was the highly venomous blue-ring octopus, local media reported.

Johnpaul Lennon, 24, is seen in the footage laughingly asking a friend to place the octopus on his bare skin a few times, pulling his arm away in trepidation, then letting the creature briefly rest on him.

This big bhe blue-ringed octopus is one of the most venomous animals in Australia, with a bite that is capable of causing paralysis. British backpacker Ross Saunders, who recorded the interaction, said that at the time the men didn’t realize the octopus was poisonous.

More Luck Than Wits

Sauders posted to Facebook about the incident saying, “Thankfully no one was hurt and we can laugh about how close to death and stupid we were.” Saunders also said that the amateur fishermen got the hook out of the octopus and released it back into the water.

What do you think about this video? Make sure you tell us more in the comments down below. If you like what you see, don’t forget to share it with others who might like it as well. It just might be the creepy highlight of their day! Enjoy!

Why is nature so beautiful? Why does a short walk amidst nature has such a calming influence on our mind? Why does the sight of flowers, butterflies, rainbows, and animals fill our hearts with joy unspeakable?
While evolution and science can explain many...

Science TooCool

Russia Wants to 3D-Print ‘Large Scale Structures’ on the Moon

Journeys to the moon are undertaking more and more; before, it was a feat to simply set foot on the moon, but now that we’ve done that, new endeavors are being planned, especially by Russia.

A spokesperson for the country’s space corporation Roscosmos told Russian state-owned news agency TASS that they’re working on building a lunar base on the moon by 2040.

How will they do this? With 3D printing technologies that use lunar soil.

The lunar base is the final part of a three-stage program which begins with sending a spacecraft to orbit the moon, according to The Moscow Times. Stage two, expected to take place between 2025 and 2034, will be sending a manned mission to the moon for the purpose of beginning construction on the base.

Stage three, of course, will involve completing the lunar base, utilizing “additive technologies and local resources” for the “construction of large-scale structures,” said the Roscosmos spokesperson, who also noted that this third stage would include “furnishing scientific and industrial objects with equipment.”

They plan on creating structures with the capability of supporting astronaut life on the moon, as well.

3D- Printed Spare Parts

In the past, Dmitry Rogozin, the Director-General of Roscosmos, told the Russian news agency RIA Novosti that the 3D printing will be used to create repair equipment as well as new parts for the technology to reduce the need for resupply missions.

The Russian aerospace company NPO Lavochkin also said that the 3D printing technology would use solar energy as its power source and moon dust as its resource for creating objects.

“We’re talking about creating a long-term base, not constantly manned, but visitable,” Rogozin told RIA Novosti in November of 2018. Therefore, Roscosmos plans to have “avatars” on the lunar base controlled by humans on Earth.

NASA also has plans in mind for creating a permanent presence on the moon – just one of the steps towards finally reaching Mars – and plans to begin sustainable lunar surface missions before 2030, conducted from NASA’s lunar “Gateway,” a small spaceship meant to hold both astronauts and science experiments while it orbits the moon.

Next on NASA’s agenda, however, is getting the first woman on the moon, and they plan to accomplish this mission, called “Artemis,” by 2024. Many challenges need yet to be overcome to make it possible for people to be on the moon for any extended amount of time, however, so the next several years are full of research, experiments, and trials.

Journeys to the moon are undertaking more and more; before, it was a feat to simply set foot on the moon, but now that we’ve done that, new endeavors are being planned, especially by Russia.

A spokesperson for the country’s space corporation Roscosmos...