Kim Kardashian West just announced the name of the newest addition to her family…and it’s PRETTY unusual!

You can count on celebrities to get super creative with their baby names, and Kim and Kanye are NO exception! What did you think of the new baby’s name?

Kim Kardashian West just announced the name of the newest addition to her family…and it’s PRETTY unusual!
You can count on celebrities to get super creative with their baby names, and Kim and Kanye are NO exception! What did you think of the new...

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At the moment, Kate Middleton is living a life that we can only imagine. She has three gorgeous children, millions of fans and she lives in a palace, married to an actual prince. But that’s quite far from what her life used to be before she joined the royal family.

Although Kate Middleton has always been wealthy, her life is very different now. She used to have what we call a normal life; socializing with friends, spending quality time with family, and enjoying school and work.

It was when she met Prince William at the University of Saint Andrews that her life changed forever. But what exactly did she do before she fell in love and married Prince William?

She Had a Regular Job

Being where she is now, it’s difficult to imagine Kate Middleton waking up early and heading off to work. However, that’s exactly what she used to do.

After graduating from college, she was an accessories buyer for Jigsaw, a British fashion label. Her job consisted of running errands during photo shoots and other administrative responsibilities.

Granted, she only worked three days a week in Jigsaw’s London office because she had to make time to accompany Prince William in all these different events and engagements.

Belle Robinson, the founder of the fashion label was impressed by Kate Middleton and the way she handled the paparazzi. It’s not easy to have a bunch of photographers following you around, even at work, but Middleton seemed unfazed by it, which is quite remarkable.

Belle Robinson also noted that Kate Middleton would always interact with everyone, no matter their level in the company, and she didn’t think of herself as better than everyone else.

She Worked For Her Family’s Company

The Middleton family owns a very successful company called Party Pieces and they sell party supplies. The business started over 30 years ago and it has always been lucrative, thus allowing the family to live a wonderful life.

Kate Middleton was also a part of the company and she worked for them before marrying to Prince William. As a child, she and her sister Pippa were featured in the company’s catalog.

As an adult, she continued to model for catalogs as well as working on their design and production. She also had opportunities in marketing and photography inside the company.

She Lived With Her Sister

Kate Middleton’s current place of residence is nothing other than the Kensington Palace, but before she became a member of British royalty, she lived with her parents, of course. Once she moved out, she lived in a London apartment, which she shared with her sister Pippa.

This apartment was purchased by their parents and it was located in Chelsea, London. The duchess lived there until 2011 when she married Prince William. Her sister, Pippa, and her brother James continued to live in this apartment.

It’s safe to say that Kate Middleton’s life has changed quite a lot, even if she was already living on the privileged side of the specter. Even so, you can’t deny being the wife of a Prince certainly has its benefits.

She used to do what everyone else does, even if they come from wealth; she had a job, responsibilities, she lived with her family, and did all the normal things we do on a daily basis.

That changed forever when she married Prince William and even though she exists like everyone else, her life is much more different to ours than we could ever imagine.

At the moment, Kate Middleton is living a life that we can only imagine. She has three gorgeous children, millions of fans and she lives in a palace, married to an actual prince. But that’s quite far from what her life used to be before she joined...

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If you want to experience Berlin in a whole new way, it’s a good idea to visit some of the most unique and coolest rooftop bars you’ll ever set foot in. Berlin’s skyline is amazing, but these rooftop bars have a lot more to offer, so here are the top 7 options to visit in Berlin!

  1. Amano Hotel Rooftop Terrace

If you want to see the TV Tower up close, the Amano Hotel Rooftop Terrace is the right spot for you. Here you can sip on drinks such as Moscow Mule or a Dark and Stormy and enjoy the view of the city rooftops.

Drinks are a bit more expensive here than in other places, but that view is 100% worth it.

  1. Deck5

Deck5 has earned the honor of being the highest beach bar in Berlin. During the winter, the sand disappears and the entire space is decorated with Christmas ornaments and it becomes the highest Christmas market in the city.

It doesn’t matter which season you visit in, Deck5 is sublime year-round.

  1. Gallery Rooftop bar

The Gallery, located at the rooftop of the Hotel Indigo, offers breathtaking views of what used to be East Berlin, the longest standing stretch of the Berlin Wall, and the Spree River.

The cocktail menu is full of creative options and get ready, because they’re strong! Try not to fall apart after a few.

  1. Hotel de Rome Rooftop Terrace

If you want a more swanky option, the Hotel de Rome rooftop terrace is the right one for you.

This one offers incredible views of the St. Hedwig Cathedral and the opera house, so it’s definitely worth a visit. The drinks are a bit expensive, but when you consider where you are, you won’t mind splurging a bit.

  1. House of Weekend

House of Weekend is the right spot for people who want to club and still enjoy a jaw-dropping view up high. This techno club, located near Alexanderplatz, is 17 floors up in the Haus des Reisens.

It’s open from Thursday to Sunday morning, so keep that in mind when you plan your visit.

  1. Klunkerkranich

Klunkerkranich is an interesting option because there’s no sign or way to find it on your own. This rooftop bar is on the top of a parking garage and it’s one of the hippest options on the list.

It’s the perfect spot to have a cold beer and enjoy the view of the city below. Sometimes there’s even live music!

  1. Monkey Bar

Last but not least, the Monkey Bar is a fashionable place to visit during your stay in Berlin. The bar is set on the rooftop of the 25hours Hotel Bikini Berlin and it takes its name because you have a full view of the monkeys at the zoo, making this a truly unique experience.

It’s super fun to watch them play, but if that’s somehow not your thing, you can also enjoy incredible views of West Berlin, so it’s a great place to visit.

If you want to experience Berlin in a whole new way, it’s a good idea to visit some of the most unique and coolest rooftop bars you’ll ever set foot in. Berlin’s skyline is amazing, but these rooftop bars have a lot more to offer, so here are...

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When you read the words “unusually geeky art graffiti”, you must wonder what it takes to qualify as such. Well, sometimes it’s all about the content, but most of the times is about the methods the artists have chosen to create their graffiti.

Here are 7 unusually geeky graffiti that either comment on or use digital methods to either redefine the approach to street art or represent contemporary messages through new media.

  1. The GraffitiWriter

The GraffitiWriter is an electronic robotic graffiti writing machine that’s remote-control operated and it can write any programmed text message on the ground.

It travels at speeds of up to 8 miles per hour, so it means it reduces the problems of encountering authorities while you’re out making your graffiti, and it can use non-permanent, washable paint.

  1. The PixelRoller

The PixelRoller is a cross between manual and conventional printing methods. This intentional combination provides the ease of computer printing with the creativity and freedom of manual printing.

It can be programmed to print any patterns you want, making each creation unique and the way these patterns are rolled onto the surface is amazing to watch.

  1. The CCTV Reminder

The CCTV Reminder is put together with a few magnets, a laser cutter, cheap cardboard, and a few other things. This laser cut sculpture is awesome and the idea is to provide non-operational reminders of the CCTV surveillance we’re constantly exposed to in public places.

This sculpture has the silhouette of a camera and the battery-operated red light adds the final touch of realism making this sculpture jarring.

  1. The ElectroGraff Method

The ElectroGraff Method was developed by the Graffiti Research Lab, which is known for architectural light projection graffiti and other graffiti projects.

This method is used for embedding movable LED display electronics using magnetic paint and conductive spray-paint to attach display elements and power them without having to use more traditional and visible methods.

  1. Hello Nametag

The Hello Nametag device is meant to replicate the Hello Nametag that’s often used in contexts where you’re exposed to many strangers, such as business conferences and other events.

The name tags, in this case, are attached to public objects and unlike the ones we use, they are programmed to speak the name of said object. The Hello Nametag can be stuck on any surface and it invites the public to interact with these things.

  1. ASCII Graffiti

The ASCII Graffiti is one of the first computer geeky graffiti and even though it doesn’t actually leave the digital realm, it does compositional and stylistic conventions from traditional graffiti and it reinterprets them for computer display.

  1. Tagging in Motion

Tagging in Motion is a type of 3D street graffiti that’s created by using a virtual reality interface combined with digital rendering.

What this does is record the graffiti artist with several cameras that capture his motions in 3D, thus generating street art that doesn’t need a physical surface to exist. Plus, it leaves no evidence, unlike traditional graffiti.

When you read the words “unusually geeky art graffiti”, you must wonder what it takes to qualify as such. Well, sometimes it’s all about the content, but most of the times is about the methods the artists have chosen to create their...

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I just recently returned from a trip to England, and out of all the habits or rituals I could have picked up from there, I think the one I’ll hang onto is tea, tea, and more tea.

You have it with breakfast, some at lunch, then there’s afternoon tea – or cream tea, my favorite – and some to finish your day. And when I say tea, I’m not talking one cup; most British people have an entire pot going all throughout the day, even for just one person.

Besides the fact that I love how afternoon tea is just an excuse to eat a small meal between lunch and dinner, the great thing about regularly adding tea into your life is the benefits a lot of teas have for your body and mind.

Chamomile has a range of benefits, for example, from sleep or digestion aid to mental health to heart health and more.

The chamomile flower contains flavonoids, sesquiterpenes, and antioxidants, and in a dried form, it can also be utilized for natural and herbal remedies. And it’s caffeine-free!

It’s not magic; the benefits of drinking chamomile tea are real, and here are a few of them.

Sleep

I think what we all know chamomile tea best for is that drinking a cup of it before you go to bed helps you get to sleep faster and have better quality sleep.

Thanks to an antioxidant called apigenin, which binds to certain receptors in your brain to reduce anxiety and initiate sleep, it has a natural and gentle calming effect.

A study was done in 2016 to find the links between sleep quality and depression in women and chamomile tea found that the group who drank chamomile before bed every night for two weeks had better sleep than those who didn’t; what’s more, when they stopped, the effects were reversed!

Anxiety

Anxiety has nearly become a chronic illness these days; in fact, 40 million Americans suffer from anxiety disorders, according to Medical News Today.  It’s the most common mental illness in America, and while some people use medication, this isn’t the answer for everyone.

Many people have begun using chamomile as a stress-reducer, either by dinking of cup of tea or using it in capsule form, as it benefits anxiety symptoms and helps to calm and ease insomnia.

If you’re struggling with anxiety and depression, you should consult a doctor. Chamomile may not work the same for you as it does for another.

Stomach Issues

If you ever suffer from menstrual cramps, an upset stomach, abdominal gas, indigestion, or irritable bowel syndrome, the anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and carminative properties chamomile tea contains help to soothe your stomach line.

It may even help decrease acid reflux, though more research needs to be done in order to confirm this.

Blood Sugar

If you or someone you know has diabetes, take note of this:

Drinking chamomile contains an antioxidant called quercetin which impacts particular enzymes that play a part in the diabetic process, so drinking chamomile tea may help lower blood sugar, according to research from Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in Iran.

The university conducted a small-scale study where 64 participants, between the ages of 30-60, with type 2 diabetes were observed. Half of them had chamomile every day at every meal for eight weeks while the other half just drank water.

After the eight weeks were up, the blood pressure of the first group was significantly lower on average than the latter group. More research needs to be conducted before these findings are conclusive, however.

Heart Health

Finally, some of the antioxidants you’ll find in chamomile are flavones, which have been studied over the years to measure their effectiveness in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol – including “bad” LDL cholesterol and triglycerides.

Since drinking chamomile tea regularly reduces stress, promotes sleep, and relaxes the blood vessels and arteries, it has the potential to help maintain healthy blood pressure levels if you drink it regularly.

Warning: If you’re on blood thinners, note that chamomile could increase the risk of bleeding, so be sure to consult your doctor.

So, maybe we should all do as the British do – or at least take up the habit of having a cup of chamomile tea before we go to bed at night.

Just like any other herbal tea, however, chamomile has some side effects, such as severe allergic reaction, eye irritation, hypersensitivity reactions, and vomiting.

Most likely you won’t encounter any of these, but it’s good to know the good and the bad and to check in with your doctor before you make it a regular part of your routine!

I just recently returned from a trip to England, and out of all the habits or rituals I could have picked up from there, I think the one I’ll hang onto is tea, tea, and more tea.

You have it with breakfast, some at lunch, then there’s afternoon...

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What better place to start a business than in your hometown? Or so architect and entrepreneur Lihi Gerstner thought, and since her hometown happened to be Tel Aviv, she was right.

On opening her first hotel there, she told From the Grapevine, “It’s one of the most pluralistic cities in the world. It’s a place where you are judged the least on your socio-economic status, where you come from or on your gender and orientation.”

Gerstner is not the only one to benefit from the opportunities Tel Aviv has to offer, particularly to women. In a new report unveiled last week at the Dell Women Entrepreneur Network Summit in Singapore, the city was named one of the best worldwide for female entrepreneurs.

Every two years, 50 cities are ranked based on five characteristics: access to capital, technology, talent, culture, and markets. Amsterdam, Pittsburgh, and Toronto also made the list with San Francisco and Silicon Valley at the top. Mexico City proved to be the most improved, going from a ranking of 45 in 2017 to No. 29 this year.

Females Changing the World

Wired Magazine named Inna Braverman, who based her start-up Eco Wave Power in Tel Aviv back in 2011, on its list of “Females Changing the World.”

She told us, “Being an entrepreneur is difficult. Being a female entrepreneur adds an additional layer of difficulty to the equation. However, a supportive environment is like wind under our wings. When we feel supported, we feel that we can achieve anything – regardless of whether we are a man or a woman.”

Braverman is sure that her substantial success could not have happened anywhere else. “I truly believe that Israel plays a significant role in my personal journey, confidence and achievements,” she said.

Sivan Ya’ari, another female entrepreneur who has made it in Tel Aviv with her non-profit Innovation: Africa, reports a great support system in the city. “Tel Aviv has proven to be a hub for creativity and innovation which helps us continually improve and reinforce our commitment to being efficient and reliable in bringing solar, water and agricultural technologies to African villages,” she explained.

“I couldn’t think of another city where our engineers could be able to brainstorm with other motivated change-makers in the fields of social impact and international development to directly transform the lives of the people we reach.”

The inaugural Forbes Under 30 Global Women’s Summit, an international gathering of top young talent, brought women from 39 countries to Tel Aviv earlier this year, and in the meantime, Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg plans to visit the city in August this year to launch Facebook’s new offices.

Sheryl is well-known and loved for her 2013 book Lean In, a manifesto for women in the workplace. The offices, called “Playground,” will be a space offering courses and house start-ups as well as developers and business working on newer technology.

What better place to start a business than in your hometown? Or so architect and entrepreneur Lihi Gerstner thought, and since her hometown happened to be Tel Aviv, she was right.

On opening her first hotel there, she told From the Grapevine...

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If you’ve ever wondered where the annual grey reef shark conference is, well, here’s your answer. Every year on the full moon of July, hundreds of sharks gather off of the island of Fakarava in French Polynesia, specifically in the south passage, a phenomenon that has been named the “Wall of Sharks.”

This area is one of the largest shark sanctuaries in the world, so it’s typical that you’d find a larger amount of this particular sea predator than you normally would in other places. However, on this single day of July, the usual number of about 250 sharks could shoot to a radical 900 all at one time.

So, what causes this astronomical change?

Well, this narrow passage where the open sea meets a lagoon is particularly full of sea life, enticing sharks to partake of plankton, fish, and more. However, it’s on the full moon of July that thousands of marbled groupers arrive to mate; in fact, it was while researching the aggregation of these groupers that biologists first discovered the gathering of grey reef sharks.

The groupers spawn over 20,000, providing the sharks a celebratory feast!

The pass is relatively quite small in comparison to this amount of sea life in it at once. In fact, “when diving inside, you can see both sides of the channel,” says shark researcher Dr. Johann Mourier. And, so, we have the nickname “Wall of Sharks.”

Brave Diving Challenge

Since it’s discovery, this site has become a favorite spot for courageous divers from all over the world. Top Dive hosts guided dives around French Polynesia year-round as well as during the short “Wall of Sharks” timeframe. The southern pass is a site to see all throughout the year – a “veritable undersea Garden of Eden,” according to Top Dive.

“Diving with 900 sharks?!” you might be thinking. And considering what sharks are rumored to be, it’s right to be alarmed. However, underwater photographer Lauren Ballesta assures divers that they are generally safe as sharks see humans as “obstacles not prey.”

Don’t base all your beliefs about sharks off of movies like Jaws. Sharks are vital to our ecosystem and are in need of our protection.

Whether or not your ready to dive in and enjoy a swim with these sharks, this phenomenon is simply incredible, one of the thrilling moments nature gives us to enjoy.

If you’ve ever wondered where the annual grey reef shark conference is, well, here’s your answer. Every year on the full moon of July, hundreds of sharks gather off of the island of Fakarava in French Polynesia, specifically in the south...

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NCIS fans followed faithfully the romance between Tony Dinozzo, played by Michael Weatherly, and Ziva David, played by Cote de Pablo, since they first appeared on the series.

The two had such undeniable chemistry that weekly watchers couldn’t wait to see what adventures they went on together next and often even wondered if there was more to their relationship off the screen. However, though they acted wonderfully together on set, the two enjoyed a very professional relationship offset and have never even dated.

Weatherly has been married to Bojana Jankovic (his second wife) since 2009 while de Pablo dated Diego Serrano, an Ecuadorian actor, from 2000 to 2015. However, Weatherly’s answer was surprising when asked what his first impression was of De Pablo.

So What Was It Like?

Entertainment Tonight interviewed the pair and asked what Weatherly thought; he responded that he was quite taken with the actress and had nothing but good feelings about her right away.

“My first impression was that you were a very put-together young lady from New York. I was amazed by the focus and the clarity of the performance, and before I knew it, I had fallen hopelessly, desperately into an enchanted spell,” said Weatherly. Impressed with his response, de Pablo exclaimed, “Wow. That was quite the answer!”

Fans had taken to referring to the pair as “Tiva,” combining Tony and Ziva together, so de Pablo asked Weatherly what couple name he would give them in real life if they were actually romantically involved. He humorously responded with the nickname, “ham and cheese.” But who is the ham, and who would be the cheese? Weatherly said that de Pablo would be the cheese while he would be the former.

According to Cote de Pablo, she and Weatherly’s chemistry was so great because of their audition. Weatherly was playful and flirty, and when he later drove her home, they realized that even off the set they got along famously. De Pablo said that it was evident that they “totally clicked” during that car ride – and from there sprung our beloved “Tiva!”

NCIS fans followed faithfully the romance between Tony Dinozzo, played by Michael Weatherly, and Ziva David, played by Cote de Pablo, since they first appeared on the series.

The two had such undeniable chemistry that weekly watchers couldn’t...

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If you’re headed to Zara any time to get a new dress any time soon, you may want to read this article first to make sure you’re not buying the same exact dress that it seems women all over the world have been drawn to.

It’s relatively well-known that Zara has fashion-forward designs that are, at the same time, affordable; as a result, it has become quite popular among young shoppers, but one particular design seems to be a favorite. In fact, it’s become viral in Britain! People know it so well that it’s referred to as just “the dress” and has an entire Instagram account dedicated to sightings of it.

To give Zara credit, the dress is extremely appealing – I’m tempted to go pick one up myself! The website describes it as a “flowing, round neck dress with sleeves falling below the elbow. Featuring a ruffled hem and a buttoned opening in the back” and is selling it for $69.90 in sizes XS to XXL, according to The New York Times.

The Dress gets Social

The Instagram account, run by stylist Faye Oakenfull, is called “Hot 4 The Spot.” Oakenfull told The New York Times, “‘The Dress’ and I originally met on a set back in Easter when both the art director and makeup artist came in wearing it.

I posted it on my Instagram story as an ‘awkward fashion moment’ […] It then started to escalate, with many people sending me their own sightings. After a few weeks it seemed to be so popular on my stories that I decided to start a new account to keep on top of the content.” The account bio describes it as “A safe Space for *the dress*.”

Oakenfull has even come up with the typical person you’d see around the UK wearing the dress:

“I can be pretty certain where she’ll be hanging out at weekends,” Oakenfull told The Times. “She loves a bottomless brunch, food markets, day festivals, tennis, baby showers (sometimes hers), hen dos, polo, work parties, weddings, rooftop bars, and poolside prosecco. Most of all, she just really loves food shopping in [the British retailer] Marks & Spencer.”

With over 5,000 followers, the account regularly posts not only photos of people in the dress all over the world, but also memes about people’s love for the dress. There has been some opposition to the account, however, reports The New York Times.

Some of the posts are pictures people have taken of themselves, but many are candid shots taken without people’s knowledge, though the posts don’t include their faces.

“Let women wear the same dress or coat as everyone else. Let them meet their friends or go to the supermarket without fearing that they’ll end up the butt someone else’s joke online,” Sophie Benson wrote for Metro.

The account presses on despite some criticism, and its growing number of followers don’t seem to resent it. In fact, it’s not the only account of its kind. An account wholly devoted to leopard midi skirts has also begun as a result of their popularity in the U.S., especially in New York City.

If you’re headed to Zara any time to get a new dress any time soon, you may want to read this article first to make sure you’re not buying the same exact dress that it seems women all over the world have been drawn to.

It’s relatively...

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Why is nature so beautiful? Why does a short walk amidst nature has such a calming influence on our mind? Why does the sight of flowers, butterflies, rainbows, and animals fill our hearts with joy unspeakable?

While evolution and science can explain many facts of our daily existence, the answer to this profound puzzle lies a little beyond the reaches of present-day science, and in the realms of the super-conscious.

Nature is beautiful because it is a manifestation of everything that is fervently pulsating with life on this planet. In the midst of nature, our minds become calm because we feel the pull of this joyful cosmic consciousness.

For the most part, people will do anything to avoid crawling creatures, especially when it comes down to disgusting, slimy, dangerous, poison octopus. Octopuses seem to tick most people’s instincts just by looking the way they look, not taking the dangerous factor in consideration.

This particular octopus might not be big however it happens to make the list in most dangerous and venomous octopus’s we’ve seen. This guy means business and that is clearly shown on this video.

Take a look at this story as a young Irish tourist was fishing with friends in Bundaberg, Queensland, on July 12 when he decided to pose for a photograph with an eye-catching mollusk that he later learned was the highly venomous blue-ring octopus, local media reported.

Johnpaul Lennon, 24, is seen in the footage laughingly asking a friend to place the octopus on his bare skin a few times, pulling his arm away in trepidation, then letting the creature briefly rest on him.

This big bhe blue-ringed octopus is one of the most venomous animals in Australia, with a bite that is capable of causing paralysis. British backpacker Ross Saunders, who recorded the interaction, said that at the time the men didn’t realize the octopus was poisonous.

More Luck Than Wits

Sauders posted to Facebook about the incident saying, “Thankfully no one was hurt and we can laugh about how close to death and stupid we were.” Saunders also said that the amateur fishermen got the hook out of the octopus and released it back into the water.

What do you think about this video? Make sure you tell us more in the comments down below. If you like what you see, don’t forget to share it with others who might like it as well. It just might be the creepy highlight of their day! Enjoy!

Why is nature so beautiful? Why does a short walk amidst nature has such a calming influence on our mind? Why does the sight of flowers, butterflies, rainbows, and animals fill our hearts with joy unspeakable?
While evolution and science can explain...

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Journeys to the moon are undertaking more and more; before, it was a feat to simply set foot on the moon, but now that we’ve done that, new endeavors are being planned, especially by Russia.

A spokesperson for the country’s space corporation Roscosmos told Russian state-owned news agency TASS that they’re working on building a lunar base on the moon by 2040.

How will they do this? With 3D printing technologies that use lunar soil.

The lunar base is the final part of a three-stage program which begins with sending a spacecraft to orbit the moon, according to The Moscow Times. Stage two, expected to take place between 2025 and 2034, will be sending a manned mission to the moon for the purpose of beginning construction on the base.

Stage three, of course, will involve completing the lunar base, utilizing “additive technologies and local resources” for the “construction of large-scale structures,” said the Roscosmos spokesperson, who also noted that this third stage would include “furnishing scientific and industrial objects with equipment.”

They plan on creating structures with the capability of supporting astronaut life on the moon, as well.

3D- Printed Spare Parts

In the past, Dmitry Rogozin, the Director-General of Roscosmos, told the Russian news agency RIA Novosti that the 3D printing will be used to create repair equipment as well as new parts for the technology to reduce the need for resupply missions.

The Russian aerospace company NPO Lavochkin also said that the 3D printing technology would use solar energy as its power source and moon dust as its resource for creating objects.

“We’re talking about creating a long-term base, not constantly manned, but visitable,” Rogozin told RIA Novosti in November of 2018. Therefore, Roscosmos plans to have “avatars” on the lunar base controlled by humans on Earth.

NASA also has plans in mind for creating a permanent presence on the moon – just one of the steps towards finally reaching Mars – and plans to begin sustainable lunar surface missions before 2030, conducted from NASA’s lunar “Gateway,” a small spaceship meant to hold both astronauts and science experiments while it orbits the moon.

Next on NASA’s agenda, however, is getting the first woman on the moon, and they plan to accomplish this mission, called “Artemis,” by 2024. Many challenges need yet to be overcome to make it possible for people to be on the moon for any extended amount of time, however, so the next several years are full of research, experiments, and trials.

Journeys to the moon are undertaking more and more; before, it was a feat to simply set foot on the moon, but now that we’ve done that, new endeavors are being planned, especially by Russia.

A spokesperson for the country’s space corporation...

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We first heard of nieves penitentes in scientific literature written by Charles Darwin back in the 1800s, but most of us have never heard of this strange term.

This is because nieves penitentes, strange blades of ice found in remote places, were discovered first in the Andes which are difficult and extreme and therefore, extremely hard to venture into, especially for an extended period of time for study.

However, a group of brave scientists made the trip into Chile’s Volcán Llullaillaco, recording their findings in the journal Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. “This is a very remote area that’s difficult to access,” study co-author Steve Schmidt, from the University of Colorado Boulder, said in a statement.

“The entire back of one of our pickup trucks had to be filled with barrels of drinking water. It’s no trivial thing to go out there, and that’s one of the reasons these formations haven’t been studied much.”

Nieves penitentes are long blades of hardened snow and ice ranging anywhere from a few inches to 16 feet long. They are found in cold, dry regions about 13,000 feet, the most extreme, high-altitude environments on Earth.

Since UV radiation is high and humidity is low, the temperature changes drastically and the winds are extreme, making it difficult for life to exist.

These snow formations usually form pointed toward our sun, and they were named nieves penitentes – meaning “penitent snow” – because of their resemblance to praying monks wearing white robes.

Red Ice?

What the scientists found was astounding: the penitente fields, found at a height of over 16,000 feet, had red ice patches. This means that microscopic life exists! Further analysis showed that the patches held a community of snow algae closely related to that which has been found in other alpine and polar environments.

“In this environment penitentes provide both water and shelter from harsh winds, high UV radiation and thermal fluctuations, creating an oasis in an otherwise extreme landscape,” the team wrote.

This is the first time life has been recorded in these formations. Since they are believed to exist on other bodies within the solar system, including Pluto and Jupiter’s moon Europa, this could provide insight into extra-terrestrial life.

The scientists say its meaning is significant when we consider the search for alien life.”Intriguingly, recent planetary investigations have suggested the existence of penitente-like structures on other planetary bodies of our solar system,” the team concludes.

“Therefore, penitentes and the harsh environment that surrounds them provide a new terrestrial analog for astrobiological studies of life beyond Earth.”Lara Vimercati, lead author of the study, said in a statement:

“Snow algae have been commonly found throughout the cryosphere on both ice and snow patches, but our finding demonstrated their presence for the first time at the extreme elevation of a hyper-arid site.” They found nieves penitentes near the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on Earth; moreover, it’s landscape is thought to be most similar to Mars.

These discoveries giving insight into life existing on such harsh environments help scientists understand what types of places it could show up in the rest of the solar system. Currently, researchers strongly believe that Jupiter’s moon could be harboring microscopic lifeforms in its subsurface, saline ocean since they’ve found thousands of species beneath Antarctica’s surface.”

Our study shows how no matter how challenging the environmental conditions, life finds a way when there is availability of liquid water,” Vimercati said. Schmidt added: “We’re generally interested in the adaptations of organisms to extreme environments. This could be a good place to look for upper limits of life.”

We first heard of nieves penitentes in scientific literature written by Charles Darwin back in the 1800s, but most of us have never heard of this strange term.

This is because nieves penitentes, strange blades of ice found in remote places, were...

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