A recent study published in the journal Pediatric Obesity, presents new evidence which suggests that children who drink diet soda are consuming 200 extra calories each day. The study suggests that opting for the low-calorie option in an attempt to lose weight can actually cause weight gain.
The scientists compared teens who consumed diet soda to those that drank water. A surprising finding was that those drinking diet soda were still receiving the same total dietary intake of calories as those drinking the regular sugary version.
The study, which took place at the George Washington University, was headed by Dr. Allison Sylvetsky. The findings recommend water as the best option and confirms that the results of the study challenge the commonly accepted opinion that low-calorie or diet drinks were useful in weight management.
Dr. Syletsky’s team have conducted may studies on drinks over the years, and have found that as well as low-calorie sweeteners in drinks, children and young adults also eat these sweeteners in other food and drinks. In fact, during the period between 1999 and 2012 their consumption in this age group leapt by a massive 200%.
Despite the growing popularity of low-calorie sweeteners, there is still no concrete knowledge as to how this affects a child’s calorie intake, and there is no guarantee that the sweeteners contribute to weight loss.
Diet drinks don't reduce calorie intake
Between 2011 and 2016 Dr. Sylvetsky and her team examined the dietary records of 7,026 children and teens who had been enrolled in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. In the survey, the participants self-reported everything they ate and dank within a 24-hour period.
The research was focused on those who were drinking sodas – either with low-calorie sweeteners or regular sugar. The team compared those drinking the soda with water drinkers and discovered that those having diet drinks were consuming extra calories and they were taking in more sugar from other types of food and drink.
Accounting for body weight, the researchers compared the results for soda drinkers and water drinkers and found that:
Weight gain can kill
The findings of Dr. Sylvetsky and her team are important because of the health effects of weight gain.
At present, the figures for American children state that 1 in 3 is overweight or diagnosed as obese. Weight gain is a key factor for increased risk of type II diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and other health issues.
The data suggests that there is a link between drinking low-calorie drinks and consuming more calories and sugar throughout the day. They are skeptical about claims that diet drinks help in weight loss.
Experts continue to give advice to parents with organizations like The American Heart Association advising against long term consumption of these low-calorie drinks. Dr. Sylvestky confirms that this is good advice. Children, teens, and adults drink should drink more water and add whole grains, fruit and vegetables to their diet.
A good alternative to diet sodas, she suggests, is to add some 100% fruit juice to some sparkling water.